Level 2
Level 3

Chapter 3


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adaptive radiation
适应辐射
climax community
顶级群落
ecological succession
生态演替
natural selection
自然选择
neutrons
中子
pioneer species
先锋种
primary succession
原生演替
secondary succession
次级演生
aeration
通风
contamination
污染
deforestation
采伐森林
extinction
消灭
habitat fragmentation
栖息地片断化
habitat loss
栖息地丧失
land use
土地利用
overexploitation
过度开采
resource exploitation
资源开发
resource use
资源利用
soil compaction
土壤压实
soil degradation
土壤退化
sustainability
持续性
traditional ecological knowledge
传统生态知识
foreign species
外来物种
introduced species
引进物种
invasive species
入侵物种
native species
本地生物