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claim;clam


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claim;clam
[L]=to call out喊。claim和clam都源于拉丁动词clamare,意为to call out或to shout(喊叫)。claim是不定式词干在英语中的重读形式,用来构成动词;clam是动名词词干,只出现于相应的名词和形容词中。
claim
[claim=to call out呼喊→“to speak loudly for one's own interest为自己的利益而呼喊”→]。 v. demand as one's due or property要求;索取:We have claimed compensation for the losses from the foreign company.我们已向外国公司提出索赔要求。
claimer
[claim;-er n.]。 n.根据权利提出要求者
claimable
[claim;-able a.]。 a.可要求的;可认领的
disclaim
[dis-=to undo做相反之事;claim v. 要求,索取→“to undo that of claiming做与要求或索取相反的事”→]。 v. deny;disavow否认;抵赖:He disclaimed his responsibility for the accident.他否认自己对事故负有责任。
disclaimer
[disclaim;-er n.]。 n.否认者
declaim
[de-=completely完全地;claim=to call out叫喊→“to call out or speak loudly喊话;大声说话”→]。 v. give a formal speech演讲:The candidates declaimed against the government. 竞选人发表演说责难政府。
declaimer
[declaim;-er n.]。 n.演讲者;朗诵者
declamation
[declaim的对应名词:declam=to declaim演讲;-ation n.=the act表行为→]。 n.1 the act or art of declaiming演讲;雄辩术2formal speech正式演说:to deliver a long declamation发表长篇演说
declamatory
[declaim的对应形容词:declam=to declaim演说;-atory a.=characterized by有......特点的→]。 a.1 characterized by declaiming演说的2bombastic夸夸其谈的:long and declamatory speech夸夸其谈的长篇大论
exclaim
[ex-=out出;claim=to call or shout喊→“to call or shout out喊出来”→]。 v. cry out suddenly from pain
exclamation
[ex-;clam;-ation n.]。 n.呼喊;惊叹
proclaim
[pro-=forward向前;claim=to cry out呼喊→“to call or speak forward(before the public)向前面的公众讲话”→]。 v. make known before the public;declare or announce officially宣布;公告:to proclaim a new law公布一项新法令
proclamation
[pro-;clam;-ation n.]。 n.宣布;公告
reclaim
[re-=back回;claim=to call呼唤→“to call back (from vice
reclaimable
[reclaim;-able a.]。 a.可改造的;可开垦的
reclaimant
[reclaim;-ant n.]。 n.开垦者;纠正者
reclamation
[re-;clam;-ation n.]。 n.开垦;感化
acclaim
[ac-(ad-)=to对;claim=to call out呼喊→“to call out cheerfully to somebody高兴地向某人呼喊”→]。 v. hail or praise publicly欢呼;称赞:His play was acclaimed as a masterpiece.他的剧本被赞许为杰作。
acclamation
[ac-;clam;-ation n.]。 n.欢呼;称赞
clamour
[clam=to shout叫喊;-our n.=the state表状态→“the state of shouting叫喊的状态”→]。 n.1 shout or outcry for demand
Level 17