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cresc;cret;cre


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cresc;cret;cre
[L]=to grow生长。常用词crescent,increase,create和concrete,表面看来似乎关系不大,其实是同根生的。它们的词干部分cresc,cret和cre是一组同源异形根,都来自拉丁动词crescere,意为to grow(生长)。其中,cresc是不定式词干;cret是动名词词干;cre是cret在添加后缀时的变形。
crescent
[cresc=to grow生长,变化;-ent n.=the state 表行为状态→“the growing state(of the moon)(月亮)变化的状态”→]。 n.1 the visible part of the quarter moon which is growing larger or smaller月牙2 any object like a crescent月牙形的东西/The national emblem of Turkey is a crescent.土耳其的国徽是个月牙。
increase
[in-=into成;creas(cresc的重读式)=to grow生长;-e→]。 I v. grow into a larger amount;become greater or larger增长;增加;增大:The production increases with years. 生产逐年增长。→IIn. growth增长:the rate of increase增长率
create
[cre=to grow生长;-ate v.=to make使......→“to make to grow into shape使生长成形”→]。 v. make something exist 创造:to create more jobs创造更多的就业机会
creation
[creat(e);-ion n.]。 n.创造;创作;(大写)创世
creator
[creat(e);-or n.]。 n. 创造者;创始者;(大写)造物主
creature
[creat(e);-ure n.]。 n.创造物;生物;动物
creative
[creat(e);-ive a.]。 a.有创造力的;创造性的;创作的
concrete
[con-=together一起;cret=to grow生长;-e→“to grow or stick together 长在一起或结成一块”→]。 I v. solidify or harden凝固;固结:The sands concreted into a mass. 沙土结成块。→IIa. relating to a solidified thing; particular; real 固定有形的;具体的;实际的:a concrete problem 具体问题 III n. any mass of solidified particles
concretion
[concret(e) v.;-ion n.]。 n.凝固;凝固物
concretive
[concret(e) v.;-ive a.]。 a.凝结性的
decrease
[de-=downward向下;creas=to grow生成,变化;-e→“to grow downward 向下变化”→]。 I v. become less
increment
[in-=into成;cre=to grow生长;-ment n.=the result表行为结果→“the result of growing into a larger amount 数量增长的结果”→]。 n. the amount of increase 增加量:monthly increments 月增加额
incremental
[increment;-al a.]。 a.增加的;增值的
increscent
[in-=into成;cresc=to grow生长;-ent a.=-ing有......特征的→“growing into(the full moon)长成(满月)的”→]。 a. waxing of the moon(月亮)渐盈的:an increscent moon盈月
accretion
[ac-(ad-)=to向;cret=to grow生长;-ion n.=the act or state 表动作或状态→“growing to向......生长”→]。 n.1 continued growth生长;增大:the accretion of cancer肿瘤增大 2 growing of parts into each other合生,连生:accretion of two kinds of plants两种植物的合生现象
excrescence
[ex-=out出;cresc=to grow生长;-ence n.=the result表行为结果→“growing or growth which is out of the normal state超出正常状态的生长物”→]。 n. 1 abnormal outgrowth 赘生物,瘤:an excresence on the neck脖子上的瘤2 superfluous part累赘,多余物:This tree is an excrescence in the painting.这棵树在画中是多余的。
excrescent
[ex-;cresc;-ent a.]。 a.赘生的;多余的
Level 20