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cub;cumb


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cub;cumb
[L]=to lie down躺。常用词incumbent,succumb,concubine和incubate是一组同根词。词根cub来自拉丁动词cubare,词根cumb来自拉丁动词cumbere;而cumbere和cubare实际上是同一个词的异体,意思都相当于英语的to lie down(躺,卧)。
incumbent
[in-=upon在......之上;cumb=to lie down躺;-ent a.=-ing......的→“lying upon somebody躺在或赋予某人身上的”→]。 I a. lying or resting on(somebody)as an obligation作为责任的:It is incumbent on you to warn them.你有责任告诫他们。→IIn. person on whom an obligation lies;one who holds public office负有责任者;任公职者:the struggle between the incumbents and the candidates现任者与候选人之间的斗争
incumbency
[in-;cumb;-ency n.]。 n.责任;任职;职权
succumb
[suc-(sub-)=under在......之下;cumb=to lie down躺倒→“to lie down under pressure
concubine
[con-=together共同;cub=to lie down卧;-ine n.=female女人→“woman who lies down together with a man与某男人同卧共宿的女人”→]。 n. woman who inhabits with a man without being married姘妇,情妇
concubinage
[concubin(e);-age n.]。 n.情妇身份;非法同居
incubate
[in-=on在......上;cub=to lie卧;-ate v.=to cause使......→“to cause (a hen
incubation
[incubat(e);-ion n.]。 n.孵化;酝酿
incubator
[incubat(e);-or n.]。 n.孵化器
incubative
[incubat(e);-ive a.]。 a.孵卵的;潜伏期的
incubus
[in-=upon在......之上;cub=to lie down卧;-us n.=thing物→“thing inclined to lie down upon a person喜欢卧在人的身上的东西”→]。 n. evil spirit supposed to lie down upon sleeping persons;nightmare压在睡眠者身上的恶魔;梦魔:The debt is like an incubus on me.这笔债务使我梦寐不安。
cubicle
[cub=to lie躺;-icle n.=small thing 小东西→“small room for lying down供躺下歇息的小房间”→]。 n.1 small bedroom小卧室2 any small room小室
cubicular
[cub;-icular a.]。 a.寝室的
recumbent
[re-=backward向后;cumb=to lie躺;-ent a.=-ing......的→]。 a. lying backward;reclining躺着的;斜卧的:recumbent statue雕塑的卧像
recumbency
[recumben(t);-cy n.]。 n.斜卧;依靠
procumbent
[pro-=forward向前;cumb=to lie躺;-ent a.=-ing......的→“lying forward向前卧着的”→]。 a. leaning forward;prostrate;prone前俯的;平卧的;爬在地下的:The man fell procumbent on the ground.那个人摔了个嘴啃泥。
Level 21