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cur;curs;cours


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cur;curs;cours
[L]=to run跑。cur(r),curs,cours 都来源于拉丁动词currere,意思相当于英语的to run(跑)。其中,cur(r) 来自不定式词干curr;curs 是动名词词干;cours是curs的重读形式。在构词中,cur(r) 用来构成动词;curs和cours一般只出现于名词和形容词中。先介绍几个常见的cur(r) 的派生词。
occur
[oc-(ob-)=towards向;cur=to run跑→“to run towards向......跑来”→]。 v.1 come about出现:These animals occur in Africa only.这些动物只出现在非洲。2 happen 发生:Don't let such accidents occur again.别让这类事情再发生了。
occurrence
[occur(r);-ence n.]。 n.出现;发生
occurrent
[occur(r);-ent a.]。 a.目前正发生的;偶然发生的
current
[curr=to run跑;-ent a.=-ing......的→“running跑动的,流动的”→]。 I a. running along with the times流行的:the current mode流行式样;→IIn. the running of water
recur
[re-=back
recurrence
[recur(r);-ence n.]。 n.重现;复发
recurrent
[recur(r);-ent a.]。 a.再发生的;经常发生的
concur
[con-=together一起;cur=to run跑→“to run together 一起跑来”→]。 v.1happen at the same time同时发生:Several mistakes concurred to bring about this accident.几桩失误同时发生,造成了这场事故。2 agree or approve同意;赞成:The whole class concurred with him.全班都赞同他的意见。
concurrence
[concur(r);-ence n.]。 n.同时发生;同意;赞同
cursory
[curs=to run跑;-ory a.=like像......的→“like running or going hastily像奔跑或疾走的”→]。 a. hasty;hurried仓猝的;草率的:He is a cursory reader.他看书一目十行,不求甚解。
cursoriness
[cursor(y);-ness n.]。 n.仓猝;草率
excursion
[ex-=out of外;curs=to run跑;-ion n.=the act表行为→“running out of home离家跑到外头去”→]。 n. pleasure outing or trip远足,短途旅行:excursion train旅游列车
excursionist
[excursion;-ist n.]。 n.远足者,短途旅行者
precursor
[pre-=before前;curs=to run跑;-or n.=person人→“person running before others跑在他人前面的人”→]。 n. forrunner;predecessor先行者;前辈:Kepler was the precursor of Newton.开普勒是牛顿的前辈人物。
precursory
[precursor;-y a.]。 a.先行的;前辈的
course
[cours=to run跑;-e→“running forward向前的跑动”→]。 I n.1onward movement行进;进程:the course of events事态的发展过程2 path in which anything runs or moves道路,路线:the course of a river 河道→IIv. run; run after 跑;追:Blood courses through the veins.血液在血管中循环流动。
discourse
[dis-=away
recourse
[re-=back回;cours=to run跑;-e→“running back or return往回跑,回归”→]。 n. the freedom to a return
Level 23