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dic;dict


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dic;dict
[L]=to say说。词根dic是拉丁动词dicere的不定式词干;dict是动名词词干,意思都相当于to say(说)。在英语中,dic的派生词较少,dict的派生能力却很强。
indicate
[in-=towards对;dic=to say说;-ate v.→“to say towards some-thing针对某事说话”→]。 v.1 point out;make known指出;表明:The arrow indicates the direction of advance. 箭头指出前进方向。2 show;suggest表示;暗示:High fever indicates severe illnesss.高烧表示病重。
indication
[indicat(e);-ion n.]。 n.指示;象征
indicator
[indicat(e);-or n.]。 n.指示者;指示器
indicative
[indicat(e);-ive a.]。 a.指示的;象征的;陈述的
dictate
[dict=to say说→saying话;-ate v.=to do做→“to do a saying做一次讲话”→]。 v.1say or read for another to write口述,使听写:He dictated a letter to the typist.他向打字员口授一封信。2say commands命令,支配:He will not be dictated to you.他不会听命于你的。
dictation
[dictat(e);-ion n.]。 n.口述;听写
dictator
[dictate(e) v.命令;-or n.=person人→“person who dictates laws
dictatorship
[dictator;-ship n.]。 n.独裁;专政
dictatorial
[dictator;-ial a.]。 a.独裁的;专政的
diction
[dict=to say说话;-ion n.=the manner表行为方式→“the manner or art of saying说话的方式或艺术”→]。 n. choice of words and phrases in speaking措词,辞令:Bad diction marred the effectiveness of his speech.措词不当削弱了他讲话的效果。
dictionary
[diction n. 措词;-ary n.=thing物→“book for diction措词用书”→]。 n. book explaining the use of words in a language词典,字典:an English-Chinese dictionary英汉词典
contradict
[contra-=against 对抗;dict=to say 说→“to say against 以言相抗”→]。 v.1 speak against反驳:Students may contradict their teachers.学生可以反驳教师。2 deny否认:Don't contradict what you just testified.别否认你刚刚证实的东西。3 hold the opposite of同......矛盾:to contradict oneself自相矛盾
contradiction
[contradict;-ion n.]。 n.矛盾
contradictory
[contradict;-ory a.]。 a.矛盾的;对立的
dictum
[dict=to say说;-um n.=thing done所做的事→“something said有人说过的话”→]。 n. saying;authoritative saying名言;格言:There is an old dictum that blood is thicker than water.古话说,血浓于水。
edict
[e-(ex-)=out from 自......而出;dict=to say说→saying 话→“saying out from(the authorities)(当权者)发出的话”→]。 n. order issued by authority法令:the king's edict国王的命令
edictal
[edict;-al a.]。 a.法令的
predict
[pre-=beforehand事先;dict=to say说→“to say beforehand事先说出”→]。 v. say what will happen in the future;foretell预言;预告:The weather forecasting center predicted rain for tomorrow.气象站预告明天有雨。
prediction
[predict;-ion n.]。 n.预言;预告
predictive
[predict;-ive a.]。 a.预兆的
benediction
[bene=good好;dict=to speak说;-ion n.=-ing表行为→“good speaking说好话”→]。 n. blessing祝福:sincere benediction诚心的祝福
benedictive
[bene;dict;-ive a.]。 a.祝福的
malediction
[male=ill
maledictive
[male;dict;-ive a.]。 a.诽谤的;咒骂的
Level 27