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fac;fact;fect


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fac;fact;fect
[L]=to do; to make做。fac,fact和fect是一组同源异形根,它们都来自拉丁动词facere,意思相当于to do或to make(做)。其中,fac是不定式词干;fact是动名词词干;fect是动词facere的异体ficere动名词词干。
facile
[fac=to do做;-ile a.=able or easy to be能......的,易......的→“able or easy to be done能做的,易办的”→]。 a.1 working with ease;skilled驾轻就熟的;熟练的:a man with a facile tongue能说会道的人2 easily done易做的:The work is facile
facility
[facil(e);-ity n.]。 n.容易;熟练
facilitate
[facil(e);-itate(-ate) v.]。 v.使容易;促进
faculty
[fac=to do做;-ulty(-ile+-ty)n.=ability表能力→“ability of doing things做事情的能力”→]。 n. ability to do;any particular power能力;才能:faculty for painting绘画的才能
facultative
[facult (y);-ative a.]。 a.能力上的;才能上的
fact
[来自动名词factum=thing done 做过的事情→“anything done or occurred做过的或发生过的事”→]。 n.1 thing known to have occurred or to be ture事实:Facts speak louder than eloquence.事实胜于雄辩。2 what is true or existent;truth;reality实际;真相;实情:in fact实际上
factual
[fact;-u-;-al a.]。 a.事实的;真实的
factor
[fact=to do做;-or n.=thing物→“thing that does or acts起作用的事物”→]。 n. element that brings about a result因素;要素:positive factors积极因素
factorial
[factor;-ial a.]。 a. [数]因子的
factorize
[factor;-ize v.]。 v. [数]将......分解因子
factory
[fact=to make制作;-ory n.=place场所→“place for making 制作场所”→]。 n. working-building;workshop工厂:chemical factory化工厂
benefactor
[bene=good好;fact=to do做;-or n.=person人→]。 n. person who does good deeds or gives friendly aid做好事者;恩人:benefactors of an orphanage 孤儿院的施主
benefaction
[bene;fact;-ion n.]。 n.行善;施恩
affect
[af-(ad-)=upon在......之上;fect=to do or act起作用→“to act upon作用于......之上”→]。 v.1 influence影响:Climate affects the agricultural production.气候影响农业生产。2 act upon the feeling of感动:The audience were deeply affected.观众深为感动。
affection
[affect;-ion n.]。 n.影响;感情
affective
[affect;-ive a.]。 a.感情方面的;表达感情的
effect
[ef-(ex-)=out出;fect=to make造→“to make out造出”→]。Iv.1 produce;bring about产生;招致:to effect a change in climate引起气候变化2 accomplish实现:to effect the greatest economy力求节约→II n. result made out
effective
[effect v.;-ive a.]。 a.有效的;生效的
effectual
[effect n.;-u-;-al a.]。 a.奏效的;有效的
effectuate
[effect n.;-u-;-ate a.]。 v.使奏效;实现
defect
[de-=away
defector
[defect v.;-or n.]。 n.逃兵;叛徒
defection
[defect v.;-ion n.]。 n.背信;变节
defective
[defect n.;-ive a.]。 a.有缺点;不完全的
infect
[in-=into进入;fect=to make使......→“to make...into the body使......进入身体”→]。 v. spread a disease to;affect with a disease传染;侵染:The wound is infected.伤口受感染。
infection
[infect;-ion n.]。 n.传染;传染病
infectious
[infect;-i-;-ous a.]。 a.易传染的
perfect
[per-=throughout彻底;fect=to do做→“to do throughout
perfection
[perfect v.;-ion n.]。 n.尽善尽美
perfective
[perfect v.;-ive a.]。 a.导致完美的;改善的
perfectible
[perfect v.;-ible a.]。 a.可完成的;可改善的
Level 31