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fer
[L]=to carry; to bring; to bear 拿,带,产生。在常用词conference,different,offer和prefer中,可以看到一个很常用的词根fer,它来自拉丁动词ferre的不定式词干。这个词根的含义在不同的派生词中略有差异,可以用三个近义词来概括它的含义:to carry(拿);to bring(带来);to bear(负担,产生)。
confer
[con-(com-)=together一起;fer=to bring带→“to bring everyone's opinion together 把各人的意见带到一起来”→]。 v. talk or consult together交换意见;协商:Two lawyers conferred on how to handle the case.两位律师协商处理该案。
conference
[confer;-ence n.]。 n.会谈;会议
conferee
[confer;-ee n.]。 n.参加商谈者;参加会议者
differ
[dif-(dis-)=apart离;fer=to carry拿→“to carry apart from each other拿开,互相分离”→]。 v. be unlike;disagree不同;相异:I differ from you on this point.在这问题上,我和你意见不同。
difference
[differ;-ence n.]。 n.分歧;差异
different
[differ;-ent a.]。 a.不同的;各种各样的
offer
[of-(ob-)=towards向;fer=to carry拿→“to carry towards somebody向某人送去”→]。 v. 1 present for acceptance;lay before提供;奉献:She offered the guests some gifts.她给客人献上礼物。2 propose提议:He offered his help.他主动提出帮助。
offering
[offer;-ing n.]。 n.提供;礼物
prefer
[pre-=before在......之前;fer=to bring带→“to bring something before all the others把某物放在他物之前”→]。 v. choose rather;like better宁要;偏爱:The hero preferred death to surrender. 英雄宁死不屈。
preference
[prefer;-ence n.]。 n.优先;偏爱
preferable
[prefer;-able a.]。 a.更可取的;更好的
refer
[re-=back回;fer=to bring带→“to bring back to the starting point带回出发点”→]。 v.1 trace to ...as cause or source把......归诸于:She refers the success to efforts. 她把成功归诸于努力。2 bring some information back for consideration参考:Please refer to the dictionary.请查阅词典。
reference
[refer;-ence n.]。 n.参考
referable
[refer;-able a.]。 a.与......有关的
suffer
[suf-(sub-)=under在......之下;fer=to bear承担→“to bear under在下面承担着”→]。 v.1 undergo;experience遭受;经受:to suffer losses遭受损失 2 endure忍受:These plants cannot suffer a severe cold.这些作物耐不住严寒。
sufferance
[suffer;-ance n.]。 n.忍耐;忍耐力
sufferable
[suffer;-able a.]。 a.可忍受的
transfer
[trans-=across从......到......;fer=to carry送→“to carry across an area送过一个地区,从甲地送到乙地”→]。 v. remove from one place to another转移:to transfer property 转移财产
transference
[transfer;-ence n.]。 n.转移;转让
transferor
[transfer;-or n.]。 n.转让人
transferee
[transfer;-ee n.]。 n.受让人
transferable
[transfer;-able a.]。 a.可转移的;可转让的顺便指出:词根fer能与后缀-ous 结合成术语后缀 -ferous,意为bearing,即“含......的,产......的,有......的,发出......的”。
auriferous
[auri (aurum)=gold金;-ferous a.=bearing含......的→]。 a. bearing or yielding gold含金的:auriferous ore金矿
fructiferous
[fructi (fructus)=fruit果实;-ferous a.=bearing产......的→]。 a. bearing fruit结果实的:fructiferous trees结果实的树
luminiferous
[lumini (lumen)=light光;-ferous a.=bearing产......的→]。 a. giving light发光的:luminiferous insects发光的昆虫
somniferous
[somni (somnus)=sleep睡眠;-ferous a.=bearing or bringing to产生......的,导致......的→]。 a.bringingtosleep催眠的:somniferous medicine催眠药
Level 32