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Level 34

flu;flux


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flu;flux
[L]=to flow流动。常用词fluid,fluent,influence,influenza等,都是词根flu的派生词。flu来自拉丁动词fluere,意思是to flow(流动)。flu有个异形根flux,它来自动名词fluxum的词干部分。
fluid
[flu=to flow流;-id a.=having the quality有......性质的→“having the quality of flowing有流动性质的”→]。Ia. able to flow流动的:fluid mechanics流体力学→IIn. substance that flows;gas or liquid流体;气体;液体:Water is a kind of fluid.水是一种流体。
fluidity
[fluid;-ity n.]。 n.流动性;流质;液态
fluidify
[fluid;-ify v.]。 v.使成流体
fluent
[flu=to flow流;-ent a.=-ing有......性质的→]。 a. flowing easily流畅的:She can speak fluent English.她能说一口流利的英语。
fluency
[flu;-ency n.]。 n.流畅;流利
influence
[in-=into进入;flu=to flow流;-ence n.=the act or result表行为结果→“a planet's flowing into some area
influential
[in-;flu;-ent;-ial a.]。 a.有影响的
influenza
[influenz=to influence影响;-a n.=disease疾病→“disease that influences many people at a time 同时影响许多人的疾病”→]。 n. epidemic virus disease attacking the upper respiratory tract流行性感冒(侵染上呼吸道的病毒性流行病)
affluent
[af-(ad-)=to向;flu=to flow流;-ent a.=-ing......的→“flowing freely to向......涌流而来的”→]。 a. abundant;wealthy丰富的;富裕的:affluent society富裕的社会
affluence
[af-;flu;-ence n.]。 n.丰富;富裕
confluence
[con-(com-)=together共;flu=to flow流;-ence n.=the state表状态→]。 n. flowing of water together with another汇流,汇合/a city at the confluence of two rivers两河交汇处的城市
confluent
[con-;flu;-ent a.]。 a.合流的;汇合的
influent
[in-=into 入;flu=to flow 流;-ent a.=-ing ......的→]。 Ia. flowing into流入的:influent water from a lake从湖泊流进的水→IIn. tributary stream支流
effluent
[ef-(ex-)=out出;flu=to flow流;-ent a.=-ing......的→]。Ia. flowing out流出的:an effluent stream from a lake湖泊流出的支流→IIn. stream flowing from a large stream
effluence
[ef-;flu;-ence n.]。 n.流出;(光、电等)射出
refluent
[re-=back回;flu=to flow流;-ent a.=-ing......的→]。 a. flowing back;ebbing逆流的;退潮的:the refluent tide退潮
refluence/refluency
[re-;flu;-ence/-ency n.]。 n.逆流;退潮
superfluous
[super-=beyond超出;flu=to flow流;-ous a.=having the quality有......性质的→“having the quality of flowing beyond or over流过界的”→]。 a. overflowing;above what is enough过剩的;多余的:superfluous remarks多余的话
superfluity
[super-;flu;-ity n.]。 n.多余;奢侈
Level 35