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Level 37

frag;fract


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frag;fract
[L]=to break破。在同根词 fragile,fragment,fraction 和 fracture 中,词根 frag 和fract 来自拉丁动词frangere,意思相当于英语的to break(破)。其中,frag是不定式词干frang的变体;fract是动名词词干。frang和它的另一变体fring,在英语中出现率比较低(见本节练习2和4)。
fragile
[frag=to break破;-ile a.=easy to be易被......的→“easy to be broken易打破的”→]。 a. easily broken or damaged
fragility
[fragil;-ity n.]。 n.脆性;脆弱
fragment
[frag=to break 破;-ment n.=the result 表行为结果→“the result of being broken破碎的结果”→]。 n.1 part of something broken off破片,碎片:fragments of a vase一个花瓶的碎片2 part of some-thing left unfinished未完成的部分:This poem is only a fragment.这首诗仅是未完稿。
fragmentary
[fragment;-ary a.]。 a.碎片的;片断的
fragmentate
[fragment;-ate v.]。 v.使裂成碎片
fraction
[fract=to break破;-ion n.=the result 表行为结果→“the result of breaking something破坏或分裂某物的结果”→]。 n.1 something broken off from the whole碎片:The cup crumbled into fractions.杯子破成碎片。2 any part of a unit or number部分;分数:One-third is a fraction.三分之一是分数。
fractional
[fraction;-al a.]。 a.部分的;分数的
fractionize
[fraction;-ize v.]。 v.使分成几部分;把......化为分数
fracture
[fract=to break破;-ure n.=the act or state表行为或状态→]。 n. breaking or breakage
infraction
[in-=in 入;fract=to break 破;-ion n.=the act 表行为→“breaking in law or rule破坏法律,侵犯规则”→]。 n. violation of law;breach违犯;违背:infraction of martial law违反戒严法
refract
[re-=back回,返;fract=to break
refractable
[refract;-able a.]。 a.可折射的
refractive
[refract;-ive a.]。 a.折射的
refractory
[re-=against反抗;fract=to break破;-ory a.=having the quality有......性能的→“having the quality against breaking抗破碎的”→]。 a. 1 resistant to treatment 耐处理的:refractory bricks 耐火砖2 stubborn顽固的:refractory diseases痼疾
anfractuous
[an-(ambi-)=about周围;fract=to break
Level 38