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gen;gener


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gen;gener
[GK; L]。常用genius,genuine,generate和general等,都是词根gen或gener的派生词。含有gen这个词根的单词数量很大,有的来自拉丁语,有的来自希腊语,不过词根的形态与含义都是一致的。因为gen的拉丁语源genus和希腊语源genos是同源同义的,它们都来自印欧语词根gen,意思相当于英语的birth(出生),以及与之相关的race(种族,种类)。词根gener是拉丁名词genus的属格generis的词干部分,可当作gen的异形根看待。
genius
[gen=birth 出生;-ius n.=the quality 表性质;→“the quality connected with one's birth与生俱有的品性”→]。 n.1 natural ability or tendency天性:a genius for making friends交友的天性2 outstanding natural aptitude天资;天赋:a genius for music音乐天赋 3 person who has outstanding natural aptitude天才人物:Beethoven was a musical genius.贝多芬是个音乐天才。
genuine
[gen=birth出生;-u-;-ine a.=connected with与......相关的→“connected with birth or origin与出生或来源相关的”→]。 a.1 native生来的:genuine Australians 澳大利亚土著 2 original 天然的:genuine breed纯种
generate
[gener=birth出生;-ate v.=to make or cause使......→“to cause the birth of使......出生”→]。 v.1 give birth to生育:to generate one's young生育后代2 produce生产:to generate electricity发电
generation
[generat(e);-ion n.]。 n.生育;产生;代;一代人
generative
[generat(e);-ive a.]。 a.生殖的;产生的
general
[gener=race种族,种类;-al a.=relating to......的→“relating to the whole race or class与整个种类有关的”→]。 a.1 public;common公共的;一般的:the general opinion一般舆论2 universal全面的,总的:general offensive全面进攻
generality
[general;-ity n.]。 n.一般性;普遍性
generalize
[general;-ize v.]。 v.使一般化
genesis
[gen=birth生出;-esis n.=the act or state 表行为状况→“the act or state of the birth 出生或初生的状况”→]。 n. creation;origin创造;起源:the genesis of civilization文明的起源
genetic
[gen=birth or origin出生,起源;-etic a.=of......的→“of birth or origin about plants and animals关于动植物的发生或起源的”→]。 a. of heredity or variation of animals and plants遗传的(关于动植物的遗传和变异的):genetic diseases遗传性疾病
genetics
[genetic;-s n.]。 n.遗传学
eugenic
[eu-=fine优;gen=birth
eugenics
[eugenic;-s n.]。 n.优生学
congenial
[con-(com-)=together with共同;gen=race of kind种类;-i-;-al a.=of......的→“of the same race or kind with与......同种类的”→]。 a.1of the same genius or taste志趣相投的:a congenial companion意气相投的伴侣 2agreeable 相宜的:Do you find the climate congenial?你觉得这气候适宜吗?
congeniality
[congenial;-ity n.]。 n.同性质;投合;适宜
Level 40