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gnos;gnit;gniz


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gnos;gnit;gniz
[L; GK]=to know知。词根 gnos 来自拉丁动词 gnoscere,意为 to know(知),它与noscere是同一个拉丁词,只是添加前缀时前面加上g,(这个g在词根中不读音,在前缀之后才读音。)gnit是gnoscere的分词词干,gniz是gnit在英语中的变体。
diagnose
[dia-=through 通过;gnos=to know 知道;-e→“to know through inquiry通过查询知道”→]。 v. identify a disease after examining the patient诊断:The doctor diagnosed the illnesss as influenza.医生诊断该病为流行性感冒。
diagnosis
[diagnos(e);-is n.]。 n.诊断(法);诊断结论
cognition
[co-=completely完全;gnit=to know知;-ion n.=the act表行为→“the act of knowing completely 全知的行为”→]。 n. knowing;perception认识(能力):cognition theory认识理论
cognitive
[co-;gnit;-ive a.]。 a.认识的;认识能力的
recognition
[re-=again再;cognition=knowing知道→]。 n.1 knowing again认出,识别:She gave no sign of recognition of me.她根本没有表示认识我。2 admission承认:We insisted on recognition of our rights.我们坚持要求承认我们的权利。
recognitive
[re-;co-;gnit;-ive a.]。 a.认识的;承认的
recognize
[re-=again再;co-=completely完全;gniz=to know知道;-e→]。 v.1 know again认出:The boy recognized the word.男孩认出了那个字。2 admit承认:His qualifications are recognized in China.他的资格在中国得到承认。
recognizable
[recogniz(e);-able a.]。 a.可以认出的;可承认的
recognizee
[recogniz(e);-ee n.]。 n. [律]被保人
recognizor
[recogniz(e);-or n.]。 n. [律]担保人,具保证书人
agnostic
[a-=not不;gnos=to know知;-tic a.=of......的→“of not knowing不知道的”→]。 a. of the beliefs that nothing can be known不可知论的:He is agnostic about any phenomenon.他对任何现象都持不可知的态度。
agnostically
[(agnostic;-al a.)-ly ad.]。 ad.持不可知态度地
incognito
[in-=not不;co-=completely完全;gnit=to know知;-o a.=-ing ......的→“not being known 不为人知的”→]。 I a. with one's name hidden隐姓埋名的:to travel incognito匿名旅行 II n. person who is incognito隐姓埋名者:to preserve one's incognito保持隐姓埋名的身份
precognition
[pre-=beforehand 事先;cognition n. 认识→]。 n. previous cognition or knowledge预知,早知:He claims the laboratory proof of his precognition.他声称他的预言已获实验证明。
precognitive
[pre-;cognitive a.]。 a.预知的,早知的
prognosis
[pro-=forward向前;gnosis=knowing知→“knowing of forward conditions知道前景”→]。 n. estimate of what will probably happen预测:The prognosis on finance is poor.财政预测的前景不佳。
prognostic
[pro-;gnos;-tic a./n.]。 a.预兆的 n.预兆;预测
Level 42