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grat


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grat
[L]=pleasing; thankful使人高兴的,感激的。在常用词congratulate,grateful,gratitude和gratify中,grat是个形容词性的词根,它来自拉丁形容词gratus,意思相当于英语的pleasing(使人高兴的)或thankful(感激的,感谢的)。
congratulate
[con-(com-)=together一起;grat=pleasing使人高兴的;-ul-;-ate v.=to make 使......→“to make oneself pleased together with others使自己与他人一起高兴”→]。 v. express one's pleasure at the success
congratulatant
[congratulat(e);-ant a./n.]。 a.祝贺的 n.祝贺者
grateful
[grat=pleasing
gratitude
[grat=thankful感谢的;-itude n.=the state or quality表性质或状态→]。 n. thankfulness; appreciation 感谢;感激:We express our gratitude for your help.对你们的帮助,我们表示感谢。
gratify
[grat=pleasing令人高兴的;-ify v.=to make使......→]。 v.1 make pleased使高兴:She was gratified to get the news.得知消息,她很高兴。2make pleased by giving satisfaction to使满意:Don't gratify every wish of a child.对小孩子不能有求必应。
gratification
[gratif(y);-ication n.]。 n.喜悦;满足
ingratiate
[in-=into成;grat=pleasing惹人喜欢的;-i-;-ate v.=to make使......→“to make into a pleasing person使成为讨人喜欢的人”→]。 v. bring oneself into favour with讨好,巴结:He tried his best to ingratiate himself with the boss.他尽力巴结老板。
ingratiating
[ingratiat(e);-ing a.]。 a.讨好的;奉承的
gratuity
[grat=pleasing使人高兴的;-u-;-ity n.=things with the quality有......性质的东西→“things causing pleasure使人高兴的东西”→]。 a. gift of money given for some service;tip赏金;小费:We don't accept gratuities.我们不收小费。
gratis
[来自拉丁词gratis=pleasing令人高兴的→“for pleasing other than for payment为使人高兴而不是为报酬的”→]。Ia. free of charge免费的:Entrance is gratis.免费入场。→II ad. done or given for nothing;without charge无偿地;免费地:We render assistance gratis.我们无偿提供援助。
ingrate
[in-=not不;grat=thankful感激的;-e→“not thankful不感激的”→]。Ia. ungrateful忘恩负义的→II n. one who is ungrateful忘恩负义者:You base ingrate.你这忘恩负义的小人。
Level 45