Level 45
Level 46

jac;ject


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jac;ject
[L]=to throw投掷。词根jac和ject是同源的,它们都来自拉丁动词jacere,意思相当于to throw(投掷)。其中,jac是不定式词干,在英语中派生词较少;ject是动名词词干,有较强的派生能力。
adjacent
[ad-=to
adjacency
[ad-;jac;-ency n.]。 n.毗邻;接近;邻接物
inject
[in-=into入;jest=to throw投→“to throw or shoot into投入或射入”→]。 v. shoot or force some fluid or drug into the body with a syringe注射:The nurse injected penicillin for him.护士给他打了青霉素。
injection
[inject;-ion n.]。 n.注射;针剂
project
[pro-=forward向前;ject=to throw投射→]。Iv. throw forward投掷,发射:to project a guided missile发射导弹→IIn. something put forth or proposed;plan提出或规划的事;计划:a project for developing local industry发展地方工业的规划
projector
[project v.;-or n.]。 n.放映机;计划人
projectile
[project v.;-ile a./n.]。 a.抛射的 n.抛射体
eject
[e-(ex-)=out出;ject=to throw投→“to throw out扔出去,抛弃”→]。 v. cast out;expel逐出;驱逐:He was ejected from the country.他被驱逐出国。
ejector
[eject;-or n.]。 n.驱逐者;喷射器
ejective
[eject;-ive a.]。 a.喷出的;逐出的
reject
[re-=back回;ject=to throw投→“to throw back something given or unneeded抛回所给的或不需要的东西”→]。 v.1 refuse to accept拒受,抵制:to reject an offer of help拒绝别人的帮助2 throw away;put aside抛弃;剔除:to reject weak seeds剔除不好的种子
rejectee
[reject;-ee n.]。 n.被拒绝者;遭剔除者
rejector
[reject;-or n.]。 n.拒绝者;抛弃者
adjective
[ad-=to向;ject=to throw投;-ive a.=being......的→“being thrown to a main body被投向主体的”→]。Ia.1 added;dependent添加的;从属的:adjective dyes间接染料2 added to noun as to qualify it修饰名词的;形容词的:an adjective phrase形容词短语→IIn. word added to a noun to qualify it形容词:attributive adjective定语性形容词
adjectival
[adjectiv (e) n.;-al a.]。 a.形容词的
object
[ob-=in the way of在......的面前;ject=to throw投→“something thrown in one's way被投放在眼前的物体”→]。 n.1 things observed or material things客观物;物体:shining objects发光体2 things aimed at
objective
[object;-ive a.]。 a.客观的;宾语的
objectify
[object;-ify v.]。 v.使客观化;使具体化
subject
[sub-=under在......之下;ject=to throw 投→“to throw under one's control投在某人控制之下”→]。Iv. throw or bring under control使受制,使隶属:Accient Rome subjected most of Europe to her rule.古罗马帝国使欧洲大部分臣属于它。→IIa. subordinate从属的:a subject state属国→III n.1 one who is subject to a sovereign臣民:the subjects of a king国王的臣民2 that which subjects the purpose of speaking or writing主题;题目:the subject of conversation谈话的主题3 the part in a sentence which subjects主语:“I”is the subject in“I see the cat”.“I”是“I see the cat”的主语。
subjective
[object;-ive a.]。 a.主语的;主观的
deject
[de-=down下;ject=to throw or cast投,抛→“to cast down in spirit情绪抛落下去”→]。 v. discourage;make sad or gloomy使沮丧;使气馁:She looked dejected.她显得垂头丧气的。
Level 47