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Level 48

jur;just


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jur;just
[L]=law; right法律,正义。在常用词jury(陪审团)和just(公正的)中可以找到一对拉丁词根,它们都来自拉丁名词jus(法律)。作为名词性的词根,jur来自jus的单数属格juris,意思是law(法律);作为动词性词根jur来自jurer,意为 to swear,即在法庭上“发誓”。just 来自与 jus 相应的形容词justus,意为right或justice即“公正”。因为,在古罗马人看来法律即代表着公正。
jury
[jur=to swear by law发誓;-y n.→“group of people to swear at court在法庭上发誓的一群人”→]。 n. twelve people who are sworn to decidea case at court陪审团:The jury found her not guilty.陪审团判她无罪。
juryman
[jury;man n.]。 n.陪审团一员,陪审员
juror
[jur(y);-or n.]。 n.陪审员;(竞赛时)评奖人
jurist
[jur=law法律;-ist n.=person engaged in从事......者→“person engaged in law从事法律工作的人”→]。 n. an expert in law
juristic
[jurist;-ic a.]。 a.法学家的;法律的
injury
[in-=not不;jur=right公正;-y n.=the result表行为结果→“the result of being not right不公正的结果”→]。 n. harm or wrong done损害,损伤:He never did injury to others.他从不做损人的事。
injure
[in-;jur;-e]。 v.损害,损伤
injurious
[inju(y);-i-;-ous a.]。 a.有害的,致伤的;中伤的
jurisdiction
[juris=law法律;dict=to say说;-ion n.=-ing表行为→“saying by law依法说话”→]。 n. the right or authority to administer justice司法,司法权:A country's courts have jurisdiction over all citizens.一国法庭对全体公民有司法权。
jurisdictional
[jurisdiction;-al a.]。 a.司法的,司法权的
justice
[just=right正义;-ice n.=the quality表性质→]。 n.1 righteousness
justiciary
[justic(e);-i-;-ary a.]。 a.司法上的
justiciable
[justic(e);-i-;-able a.]。 a.应受法院审判的
injustice
[in-;justice]。 n.不公平;不公正
justify
[just=right正当;-ify v.=to cause使→“to cause to be right使正当”→]。 v.1 prove to be right or reasonable 证明......正当或有理:The best quality of the goods justifies its high cost.货物品质优良说明它价格高得有道理。2 defend as permitted为......辩解:to justify one's actions为自己的行为辩解
justification
[justif(y);-ication n.]。 n.证明为正当;辩护
justifiable
[justif(y);-i-;-able a.]。 a.可证明为正当的;有理的
adjust
[ad-=to向;just=right正确→“to the right condition向正确的状况”→]。 v. change so as to be better调整,调节:to adjust the picture on the television调好电视图像
adjustment
[adjust;-ment n.]。 n.调整,调节;核准
adjustant
[adjust;-ant n.]。 n.助手
adjustable
[adjust;-able a.]。 a.可调整的;可核准的
Level 49