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log;logue


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log;logue
[GK]=speech; reason说话,推理。在常用词logic,dialogue,apologize和eulogy中,词根log来源于希腊名词logos,原意相当于speech或reason
logic
[log=reason推理;-ic n.=the science or art of......学→]。 n. the science and art of reasoning correctly逻辑学(正确推理的科学):He argued with learning and logic.他的辩论既有学问又合逻辑。
logical
[logic;-al a.]。 a.逻辑的;符合逻辑的
logician
[logic;-ian n.]。 n.逻辑学家
dialogue
[dia-=between 在......之间;logue=speech 谈话→“speech between two persons两人之间的谈话”→]。 n. conversation between two or more persons对话:a dialogue between two countries两国之间的对话
dialogic
[dialog (ue);-ic a.]。 a.对话的
dialogist
[dialog (ue);-ist n.]。 n.对话者
apologize
[apo-=away
apology
[apo-;log;-y n.]。 n.道歉;谢罪
apologetic
[apo-;log;-etic a.]。 a.道歉的;辩护的
apologia
[apo-;log;-ia n.]。 n.辩解;自辩书
eulogy
[eu-=good好;log=speech话;-y n.=the act表行为→“the act of making a good speech 说好听的话”→]。 n. praise 颂扬,赞颂:to pronounce a eulogy on somebody向某人致颂词
eulogize
[eulog (y);-ize v.]。 v.颂扬;赞颂
eulogistic
[eulog (y);-istic a.]。 a.颂扬的;歌功颂德的
prologue
[pro-=before前;logue=speech言→]。 n. speech or words before a play or poem戏剧的开场白;序诗:the prologue to a long poem一首长诗的序诗
epilogue
[epi-=after在......之后;logue=speech言→“speech after a play在全剧结束后说的话”→]。 n. speech at the end of a play;concluding part of a book戏剧的收场白;书的结尾部分:the epilogue of a novel一本小说的尾声
philology
[phil=to love爱;-o-;log=speech言;-y n.=the art艺术→“the art for people who love good speech为讲究语言艺术的人提供技巧”→]。 n. (old-fashioned) the science and art of language(旧称)语言学
philologic
[philolog (y);-ic a.]。 a.(旧称)语言学的
tautology
[tauto=the same同样;-logy n.=the character of speech语言特点→“speech characterized by repeating the same idea重复同样意思的语言特点”→]。 n. fault style of using words that say the same thing同义反复的语病;赘述:a speech full of tautologies充满无谓的重复的演说
tautological
[tautolog (y);-ical a.]。 a.重复的;赘述的
sociology
[socio=social社会的;-logy n.=the study of......学→]。 n. the study of social structure and fuctioning社会学:modern sociology现代社会学
sociological
[sociolog(y);-ical a.]。 a.社会学的
trilogy
[tri=three三;-logy n.=speech说话,叙述→“discourse in three sections分成三个部分的叙述”→]。 n. group of three related literary or operatic works(小说或戏剧的)三部曲:a trilogy by Theodore Dreiser德莱塞写的三部曲
Level 53