Level 67
Level 68

pend;pens


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pend;pens
[L]=to hang; to weigh; to pay悬挂,称量,支付。pend和pens是同源异形根,它们来自拉丁动词pendere和它的动名词pensum。这个动词有三个意思:to hang(悬挂);to weigh(称量)和to pay(支付)。三个意思都与古罗马时用天平“称量”金银“支付”费用一事相关联,而称量的东西是必须“悬挂”在天平上的。三者之中,“悬挂”是基本义。
depend
[de-=down下;pend=to hang悬挂→“to hang down form some-thing挂在某物下”→“be supported by something靠某物支持”→]。 v.1 rely (on)依靠;依赖:All living things depend on air.万物生长都有赖于空气。2 be determined取决于:Whether we go for an outing depends on the weather.去不去郊游要看天气而定。
dependence
[depend;ence n.]。 n.依靠;从属
dependant
[depend;-ant n.]。 n.受赡养者;侍从
dependent
[depend;-ent a.]。 a.依靠的;由......决定的;从属的
independent
[in-=not不;dependent a.依赖的→]。 a.1 not relying on独立的:independent thinking独立思考2 self-governing自治的:inde-pendent country主权国家
independence
[in-;depend;-ence n.]。 n.独立;自主
independency
[in-;depend;-ency n.]。 n.独立;独立国
suspend
[sus-(sub-)=under在......之下;pend=to hang悬挂→“to hang under挂在......之下”→]。 v.1 hang from a supporter above吊;悬:The lamp is suspended from the ceiling.电灯从天花板挂下。2 put off for a period of time使悬而不决,暂停:to suspend talks中止会谈
suspense
[sus-;pens;-e]。 n.悬而不决;未定
suspensor
[sus-;pens;-or n.]。 n.吊绷带
suspension
[sus-;pens;-ion n.]。 n.悬,吊;暂停,中止
suspensive
[sus-;pens;-ive a.]。 a.暂停的;悬而未决的
append
[ap-(ad-)=to到;pend=to hang挂→“to hang to a main body挂到某主体上”→]。 v. add附加:I want to append some words to the drawing.我要给图样附上文字说明。
appendage
[append;-age n.]。 n.附加物;附属物
appendant/appendent
[append;-ant/-ent a.]。 a.附加的;附属的
pendulum
[pend=to hang挂;-ulum (-um) n.=thing物→“thing that hangs悬挂着的东西”→]。 n. thing hanging from a fixed point so as to swing freely
pendular
[pendul(um);-ar a.]。 a.钟摆运动的;摆动的
pendulous
[pendul(um);-ous a.]。 a.悬垂的;摆动的以下分析几个包含“称量”或“支付”概念的同根词。
expend
[ex-=out出;pend=to pay支付→]。 v.1 pay out
expenditure
[expend;-iture n.]。 n.支出;支出额
expense
[ex-;pens;-e]。 n.花费;消耗
expensive
[ex-;pens;-ive a.]。 a.花费多的;昂贵的
dispense
[dis-=apart分开;pend=to weigh称;-e→“to weigh apart from the amount从总量中称出一部分”→]。 v.1 deal out;distribute分发;分配:The machine dispenses coffee to anyone who puts in a coin.只要投入硬币,这机器就会给你一份咖啡。2 mix and give out (medicines)配(方);发(药):Who dispensed the medicine to you?谁给你配的药?
dispensation
[dispens(e);-ation n.]。 n.分配;分配物;配方
dispensary
[dispens(e);-ary n.]。 n.配药处;药房
spend
[expend或dispense的词头脱落形式→]。 v.1 expend (time)消耗(时间):He spent three years writing this book.他花三年时间写这本书。2 dispense or give out (money) in payment花费(金钱):How much did you spend on the car?你买这部车花了多少钱?
spendable
[spend;-able a.]。 a.可花费的
compensate
[com-=together一起;pens=to weigh称;-ate v.=to make使......→“to make one thing weighed together with another so as to make a balance使某物与其他物一起称,以达到平衡”→]。 v. make a balancing payment for some loss;make up赔偿;补偿:to compensate the workers injured at work赔偿负工伤的工人
compensation
[compensat(e);-ion n.]。 n.补偿;赔偿;赔偿费
compensator
[compensat(e);-or n.]。 n.赔偿者;(机器)补偿器
Level 69