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ple(t);plen


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ple(t);plen
[L]=to fill;full装满(的)。常用词complement,complete和plenty之间有同根关系。词根ple来自拉丁动词plere的不定式词干,plet是它的过去分词pletum的词干,意为to fill(充满);plen是同源的拉丁形容词plenus的词干部分,意为full(充满的),因为同源近义,把它们放在一起介绍。
complement
[com- = together 一起;ple = to fill 装满;-ment n. = the means表手段→“the means of filling together一起填满的手段”→]。In. something that completes or makes perfect补充,补充物:Travel is an excellent complement to education.旅行能弥补学识之不足。→IIv. form a complement to补足,补充:Reading and writing complement each other.读与写相辅相成。
complementary
[complement;-ary n.]。 n.(互为)补充的
supplement
[sup-(sub-)=from under自下;ple=to fill装满;-ment n.=the act or result表行为或结果→“the act or result of filling from under自下而上装满的行为或结果”→]。In. something added to complete or reinforce填补物,增补物:a supplement to an encyclopedia百科全书的补编→IIv. complete or extend by a supplement增补;补充:He supplements his income by sparetime work.他靠业余打工补充收入。
supplementary
[supplement;-ary a.]。 a.增补的;追加
complete
[com-=together一起;plet =to fill装满;-e→“to fill together一起装满,不留余地的”→]。Ia.1 having all parts;lacking nothing全部的;完整的:a complete set of Shakespeare's plays整套莎士比亚戏剧集2 finished完成的:My homework is complete.我的作业做完了。→IIv. finish完成:to complete an assignment完成任务
completist
[complet(e) a.;-ist n.]。 n.求全主义者
completive
[complet(e) v.;-ive a.]。 a.起完全作用的;完成的
deplete
[de-=to undo取消;plet=to fill装满;-e→“to undo that of filling取消装满的东西”→]。 v. use up the supply of;decrease badly耗尽;大大减少:The drought depleted our water supply.干旱耗尽了我们的水源。
depletion
[deplet(e);-ion n.]。 n.耗尽;枯竭
replete
[re-=again再;plet=to fill装满;-e→“to fill again and again不断装满的”→]。 a. fully supplied充满的,充实的:a speech replete with humor幽默十足的讲演
plenty
[plen=fill充满的;-ty n.=the state表状态→“the state of being full充满的状态”→]。 n. full amount;abundance充分;丰富:resources in plenty丰富的资源
plentiful
[plent(y);-i-;-ful a.]。 a.丰富的;充足的
replenish
[re-=again再;plen=full充满的;-ish v.=to make使......→]。 v. make full again;fill again把......再装满,再备足:to replenish the refrigerator with food把空冰箱再装满食物
replenisher
[replenish;-er n.]。 n.补充物;补偿物
Level 71