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prob;prov


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prob;prov
[L; F]=to test试验,验证。在常用词probe,probable,prove和approve中有一对常用的词根prob和prov。prob来自拉丁动词probare,prov来自它在法语中的形式prover,基本意思都是to test(试验,验证)。
probe
[prob=to test试验;-e→“to test or examine试验,检验”→]。Iv. examine thoroughly or search into探索;探究:to probe the roots of social problems探索社会问题的根源→II n. investigation of suspected activity探查,调查:He ordered the probe into the scandal.他下令调查该丑闻。
probing
[prob(e);-ing a.]。 a.(好)探索的;(好)探查的
probable
[prob=to test验证;-able a.=able可......的→“able to be tested可受验证的”→]。 a. likely occur or prove true可能发生的,可能成为事实的:a probable outcome可能的结果
probability
[probab(le);-ility n.]。 n.可能性,或然性
probabilize
[probab(le);-ilize v.]。 v.使成为可能,使有希望
probably
[probab(le);-ly ad.]。 ad.很可能;或许;大概
probate
[prob=to test验证;-ate v.=to cause使→“to cause to be tested使......得以验证”→]。Iv. prove(a will)to be valid检验(遗嘱)→IIn. the process of probating a will遗嘱检验→III a. of probating a will遗嘱检验的
probation
[prob=test试验;-ation n.=the process表过程→“the process of testing试验的过程”→]。 n.1 status or period of trial试用(期):a student on probation试读生2 status or period of a convicted offender to go free under supervision缓刑(期):The courts released him on probation.法庭判他缓刑予以开释。
probationary
[probation;-ary a.]。 a.试用的;缓刑的
reprobate
[re-=back返回;prob=to test验证;-ate v. =to cause使→“to cause someone to go back for testing 使某人返回受验”→]。Iv. criticize sharply谴责:to reprobate one's evil behaviour谴责邪恶行为→IIa. wicked;evil堕落的,邪恶的:reprobate conduct堕落的行为→III n. wicked person堕落者,恶棍:a gambling reprobate赌棍
reprobation
[reprobat(e) v.;-ion n.]。 n.谴责
prove
[prov=to test验证;-e→]。 v. establish the truth by evidence or argu-ment证实,证明:to prove one's innocence证实自己无罪
proven
[prov(e);-en a.]。 a.被证实的
approve
[ap-(ad-)=to向;prov=to test验证;-e→“to test something to someone向某人验证某事”→]。 v.1 provide evidence for为......提供证据 2 comfirm formally; pass 批准;核准:The Senate voted to approve the bill.参议院投票批准该法案。3 have a favorable view of赞成,同意:I can't approve his rude behavior.我不赞成他的粗暴无礼。
approval
[approv(e);-al n.]。 n.赞成,同意;批准,核准
approving
[approv(e);-ing a.]。 a.赞成的,嘉许的
disprove
[dis-=not不;prov=to test验证;-e→“to test something to be not true验证某事不实”→]。 v. prove to be false or wrong;refute证明......虚伪或不正确;反驳:The latest evidence disproves the theory.最新的证据证明该理论不能成立。
disproval
[disprov(e);-al n.]。 n.反证,证伪;驳斥
disprovable
[disprov(e);-able a.]。 a.可证伪的;可驳斥的
Level 77