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reg;rect


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reg;rect
[L]=to rule; to guide; to govern划直线,引导,治理。在常用词region,regular,correct和direct中,有一对同源异形根reg和rect。它们分别来自拉丁动词regere的不定式词干和动名词词干,其基本意思为to rule。在具体的派生词中,词根的意思可能是to rule or lead straight(划直线);to rule or guide(引导,指正);to rule or govern(治理,统治)。在这三种意思中,词根都内涵着“be right or straight”即“正”,“直”的概念。
region
[reg=to rule or govern治理;-ion n.=the state表行为状态→“the state of ruling治理的状态”→“area under ruling治理下的地区”→]。 n.1 administrative area or division行政区:an autonomous region自治区2 any area or division地带;地区:forest region林区
regional
[region;-al a.]。 a.地区的;局部的
regular
[reg=to rule or lead straight划直线;-ular (-ar) a. =like像......的→“like leading straight像划直线似的”→]。 a.1 according to a rule
regularity
[regular;-ity n.]。 n.正规;规律性;整齐;匀称
regularize
[regular;-ize v.]。 v.使有规律;使规则化;使整齐
correct
[cor-(com-)=completely完全地;rect=to rule or lead straight划直线→“to draw a completely straight line 划笔直的线”→]。Iv. make straight or right 改正;纠正:correct mistakes 纠正错误→IIa. straight or right正确的:correct policy正确的方针
correction
[correct v.;-ion n.]。 n.改正;校正
corrective
[correct v.;-ive a.]。 a.改正的;矫正的
direct
[di-(dis-)=apart离开;rect=to rule or lead straight划直线→“to draw a straight line apart form a point从某点画出一条直线”→]。Ia. straightforward;by the shortest way直接的;径直的:a direct train直达列车→IIv. 1 keep straight; point or aim 保持直线;对准:He directed his gun to the aim.他把枪对准目标。2 point out the proper course to
direction
[direct v.;-ion n.]。 n.方向;指导
directive
[direct v.;-ive a./n.]。 a.指引的 n.指示下面再介绍几个rect的派生词。为了简要起见,把词根rect的含义归纳为(be)staight or right,即“正”或“直”。
erect
[e-(ex-)=upward向上的;rect=be straight or right正,直→]。Ia. being right upward;upright正对上方的;垂直的:The soldiers held themselves erect.士兵们挺直站着。→IIv.1 set upright;raise使竖直;使树立:to erect a flagstaff竖旗杆2establish;build建立;树立:to erect a monument立纪念碑
erection
[erect v.;-ion n.]。 n.竖立;建立
erective
[erect v.;-ive a.]。 a.直立的;竖起的;建立的
erectile
[erect v.;-ile a.]。 a.可竖直的;可建立的
rectify
[rect=straight or right正,直;-ify v.=to make使......→“to make right使正确”→]。 v. 1 correct纠正:to rectify one's error纠正错误2 reform 改过:to rectify one's life 改过自新 3 adjust 校正:to rectify an instrument校正仪器
rectifiable
[rectif(y);-iable a.]。 a.可纠正的;可调整的
rectification
[rectif(y);-ication n.]。 n.纠正;整顿;校正
rectangle
[rect=right直,垂直的;angle n.角→“figure having only right angles只有直角的图形”→]。 n. four-sided figure with four right angles矩形
rectangular
[rectang(le);-ular a.]。 a.矩形的;成直角的
rectilineal
[rect=straight直;-i-;line=line线;-al a.=of ......的→]。 a. of a straight line直线的:rectilineal motion直线运动
Level 78