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aug;auct;auth


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aug;auct;auth
[L]=to increase增加。读者可能想不到August(八月),auction(拍卖)和author(作者)居然是同根词吧!它们分别来自拉丁动词aguere、它的过去分词auctus及其变体auth,其基本意思都是to increase(增加)或to cause to grow(使产生,使增大)。
august
[aug=to increase使增大;-ust a.=the most最→“to increase to the most增到最大”→“the greatest最伟大的”→]。Ia. majestic威严的:august palaces威严的王宫→II(大写August)n.1 奥古斯特(即古罗马Augustus凯撒大帝,他自认为是最伟大的帝王)2 八月(奥古斯特大帝以自己的名字命名八月份)
augment
[aug=to increase增加;-ment v.→]。 v.1 make greater or enlarge增加,扩大:to augment the power扩大权力2 become greater增加,增大:The sound of traffic augments during the rush hour.高峰时间交通噪音会增大。
augmentative
[augment;-ative a.]。 a.有扩大(增加)作用的
auction
[auct=to cause to grow使增加;-ion n.=the act表行为→“the act of causing the price to grow使价格上升的行为”→]。In. sale in which goods are sold to the person offering the most money拍卖:to sell the old furniture by auction拍卖旧家具→IIv. sell by auction拍卖:When the artist died
auctioneer
[auction v.-eer n.]。 n.拍卖商
author
[auth(auct)=to cause to grow 使成长;-or n.=person 人→“person who causes anything to grow使事物产生者”→]。 n.1 person who begins or creates发起人,创始者:the author of the new plan新计划的倡议者2 writer著作者,作家:His favorite author is Dickens.他最喜欢的作家是狄更斯。
authorless
[author;-less a.]。 a.作者不明的;隐名的
auctorial
[auctor=author作者;-i-;-al a.=of......的→]。 a. of or having to do with an author作者的:auctorial comments作者说明
authority
[author n. 创始者;-ity n.=the quality表特性→“the quality of an author创始者的特性”→]。 n.1 the power or right to control or make decisions 权力,权威:Rulers have no authority from God to do mischief.上帝并没有给统治者制造祸害的权力。2 person(s) having authority当权者:higher authority上级领导
authorize
[author n.创始者(→power权力);-ize v.=to cause to have使有→“to cause to have power使有权力”→]。 v. give power to授权:The president authorized his ambassador to sign the treaty.总统授权大使签订该条约。
authorization
[authoriz(e);-ation n.]。 n.授权,委托
Level 9