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Level 87

speci;spect;spic


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speci;spect;spic
[L]=to look看。标题中的三个异形根都来自拉丁动词specere,意为to look(看)。其中,speci是不定式词干;spic是spec的音变异体;spect是specere的强调形式动词spectare的词干,它的孳生力最强。
expect
[ex-=out外;(s)pect=to look看→“to look out for something向外看望着某物”→]。 v. 1 look forward to盼望;期待:I expect that he will come.我盼望他会来。2 require要求;期望:You are expected to finish it in time.希望你及时完成这项工作。
expectancy
[expect;-ancy n.]。 n.期待;期望;期望的事物
expectant
[expect;-ant a.]。 a.期待的;期望的
expectation
[expect;-ation a.]。 n.期待;期望;[复数]前程
inspect
[in-=into入;spect=to look看→]。 v. look into;examine carefully检查;审查:to inspect fingerprints 检查指纹
inspection
[inspect;-ion n.]。 n.检查;审查
inspector
[inspect;-or n.]。 n.检查员;监察员
respect
[re-=again再;spect=to look看→“to look again再看,重看”→]。Iv.1 treat with consideration重视:to respect one's wishes重视某人的意愿2 have regard to尊重,尊敬:to respect teachers尊敬老师→IIn. honour and esteem尊敬:to show respect for the aged尊敬老人
respectable
[respect v.;-able a.]。 a.可敬的
respectful
[respect n.;-ful a.]。 a.恭敬的;尊重他人的
disrespect
[dis-;respect v./n.]。 v.不尊重,不尊敬 n.无礼,失礼
prospect
[pro-=forward向前;spect=to look看→“to look forward向前看”→]。 n.1 something that one looks forward to盼望的事物:A rich harvest is in prospect.丰收在望。2 distant or wide view;scene远景,视野;景象:The hill commands a fine prospect.从这座山可以眺望美景。
prospective
[prospect;-ive a.]。 a.预期的;未来的
suspect
[sus-(sub-)=under在......下面;(s)pect=to look看→“to look at someone from under or askance私下斜眼看某人”→]。 v. doubt;imagine to be guilty不信任;怀疑有罪过:I suspect him to be a pickpocket.我怀疑他是扒手。
suspectable
[suspect;-able a.]。 a.可疑的
suspicion
[sus-;(s)pic;-ion n.]。 n.怀疑;嫌疑
suspicious
[sus-;(s)pic;-i-;-ous a.]。 a.可疑的;多疑的
spectator
[spect=to look看;-ator n.=person人→]。 n. person who looks at or watches an event
spectacle
[spect=to look看;-acle n.=thing物→“things for people to look at供人们观看的东西”→]。 n.1 something exhibited to public view公开的场面:The opening ceremony was a fine spectacle.开幕式的场面很壮观。2 grand public sight or scene壮观;奇景:Viewed from theseashore
spectacular
[specta(cle);-cular a.]。 a.壮观的;惊人的
species
[spec = to look 看;-ies n. = thing(s) 物→“thing(s) that can be looked at or seen可以看见的物体”→“visible form of thing(s)物体的形式或外观”→]。 n.1 kind or sort种类:a species of advertisement一种广告 2 group of individuals having common characteritics
speciate
[spec;-iate v.]。 v. [生物]物种形成
specific
[spec;-ific a.]。 a.特有的;特定的;[生物]种的
speciology
[spec;-i-;-ology n.]。 n. [生物]物种学
special
[spec;-ial a.]。 a.特殊的;特别的
specious
[spec = to look 看;-i-; -ous a. = full of 富于......的→“full of good looking富于好看的,外观的”→]。 a. looking well at first sight;showy and deceptive外表美观的;华而不实的:a specious person华而不实的人
speciosity
[spec;-i-;-osity n.]。 n.外表美观;华而不实
conspicuous
[con-(com-)=altogether完全;spic=to look看;-u-;-ous a.=tending to易于......的→“tending to be looked at altogether容易一下子被看见的”→]。 a. easily seen
auspice
[au (avis) = bird 鸟;spic = to look or observe 观看;-e→“to observe birds' flying in order to foretell fortune观察飞鸟以预示运气”→]。 n.1 omen drawn by observing birds根据飞鸟行动所做的占卜2 forecast; augury预言;预兆 3 (pl.) patronage 保护,赞助:a school under civilian auspices民办学校
auspicious
[auspic(e);-i-;-ous a.]。 a.吉利的,吉祥的
despise
[de-=down向下;spis (spic的异体)=to look看;-e→]。 v. look down upon看不起,鄙视:Don't cheat or you will be despised.不要作弊,不然会被瞧不起的。
despicable
[de-;spic;-able a.]。 a.可鄙的;卑鄙的
Level 88