Level 12
Level 13

Urban Jungle


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concrete jungle
an ugly grey area of a city where people live in closely crowded apartment buildings and there is little space and no trees or grass
garbage collector
a dustman
high-rise
a tall modern building with many floors
housing estate
an area containing a large number of houses or apartments built close together at the same time
inner-city slum
the central part of a city where people live and where there are often problems because people are poor and there are few jobs and bad houses
noise pollution
noise, such as that from traffic, that upsets people where they live or work and is considered to be unhealthy for them
outer suburbs
The outer suburbs of a city such as Belfast are often made up of newer estates with detached houses and bungalows. These areas often contain industrial estates and Housing Executive estates
sewage system
the system of carrying away waste water and human waste from houses and other buildings through large underground pipes or passages
traffic congestion
is a condition on transport networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased vehicular queueing. The most common example is the physical use of roads by vehicles
urban sprawl
the spread of a city into the area surrounding it, often without planning
frantic
almost out of control because of extreme emotion, such as worry
isolated
not near to other places
overpopulated
If a country or city, etc. is overpopulated, it has too many people for the amount of food, materials, and space available there
migrate
When an animal migrates, it travels to a different place, usually when the season changes
settle
to reach a decision or an agreement about something, or to end a disagreement
tranquil
calm and peaceful and without noise, violence, worry, etc.
savannah
a large, flat area of land covered with grass, usually with few trees, that is found in hot countries, especially in Africa
forefather
ancestor; a person (especially a man) in your family who lived a long time ago
exodus
the movement of a lot of people from a place:
cherished
remembered fondly; bringing the pleasure of love or caring about someone or something that is important to you:
virtue
a good moral quality in a person, or the general quality of being morally good:
undertone
a particular but not obvious characteristic that a piece of writing or speech, an event, or a situation has
serenity
peaceful and calm; worried by nothing
desperately
extremely or very much:
alienate
to cause someone or a group of people to stop supporting and agreeing with you
shanty town
an area in or on the edge of a city, in which poor people live in small, very cheaply built houses
sanitation
the systems for taking dirty water and other waste products away from buildings in order to protect people's health:
end up
to be in a situation or location as the final result or as a consequence
Level 14