Level 17
Level 18

Law enforcement


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capital punishment
punishment by death, as ordered by a legal system
community service
work done without payment to help other people. Criminals whose crime was not serious enough for them to be put in prison are sometimes ordered to do community service. Thesaurus: synonyms and related words
life sentence
the punishment of being put in prison for a very long time, or, in the US, until death
mugging
an act of attacking someone and stealing their money
offence
an illegal act; a crime
organised crime
criminal organizations that plan and commit crime, or the crimes that are committed by such organizations
peer pressure
the strong influence of a group, especially of children, on members of that group to behave as everyone else does
petty crime
a type of crime that is not considered serious when compared with some other crimes
robbery
the crime of stealing from somewhere or someone
vandalism
the crime of intentionally damaging property belonging to other people
violence
actions or words that are intended to hurt people; extreme force
hostile
unfriendly and not liking something
lenient
not as severe or strong in punishment or judgment as would be expected
arrest (someone for)
If the police arrest someone, they take them away to ask them about a crime that they might have committed
be (held) responsible for
to be in control of yourself so that you can fairly be blamed for your bad actions
be a victim of
to have problems because of
criminal (activity)
someone who commits a crime
criminal record
an official record of crimes that a person has committed
hardened (criminal)
no longer likely to change a bad way of life or feel sorry about it
juvenile (crime)
relating to a young person who is not yet old enough to be considered an adult
underlying (causes)
used to describe something on which something else is based
convict
to decide officially in a law court that someone is guilty of a crime
jail
to put someone in a jail
punish
to cause someone who has done something wrong or committed a crime to suffer, by hurting them, forcing them to pay money, sending them to prison, etc
prison term
lasting as long as the prisoner lives
defendant
a person in a law case who is accused of having done something illegal
custodial
a period of time that someone must stay in prison
supervision
the act of watching a person or activity and making certain that everything is done correctly, safely, etc.:
delinquent
a person, usually young, who behaves in a way that is illegal or not acceptable to most people:
escalate
to become or make something become greater or more serious:
theft
(the act of) dishonestly taking something that belongs to someone else and keeping it:
stab
to injure someone with a sharp pointed object such as a knife:
draconian
Draconian laws, government actions, etc. are extremely severe, or go further than what is right or necessary:
trafficking
the activity of buying and selling goods or people illegally:
narcotic
an illegal drug such as heroin or cocaine:
steal
to take something without the permission or knowledge of the owner and keep it:
toughening
to make something or someone tough, strong, or stronger:
rehabilitation
the process of returning to a healthy or good way of life, or the process of helping someone to do this afterthey have been in prison, been very ill, etc.:
penal system
A correctional system, also known as a penal system, thus refers to a network of agencies that administer a jurisdiction's prisons and community-based programs like parole and probation boards;. This system is part of the larger criminal justice system, which additionally includes police, prosecution and courts.
Level 19