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Natural History


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burrow
a hole in the ground dug by an animal such as a rabbit, especially to live in
colony
a group of animals, insects, or plants of the same type that live together
deforestation
the cutting down of trees in a large area, or the destruction of forests by people
degradation
the process in which the beauty or quality of something is destroyed or spoiled
demise
the end of something that was previously considered to be powerful, such as a business, industry, or system
devastation
damage and destruction
habitat
the natural environment in which an animal or plant usually lives
harm
physical or other injury or damage
herd
a large group of animals of the same type that live and feed together
hive
a structure where bees live, especially a beehive (= container like a box) or the group of bees living there
lifespan
the length of time for which a person, animal, or thing exists
pack
a group of animals, such as dogs, that live and/or hunt together
parasite
an animal or plant that lives on or in another animal or plant of a different type and feeds from it
prey
an animal that is hunted and killed for food by another animal
rival
a person, group, etc. competing with others for the same thing or in the same area
swarm
a large group of insects all moving together
threshold
the level or point at which you start to experience something, or at which something starts to happen
appalling
very bad
aquatic
living or growing in, happening in, or connected with water
hypocritical
saying that you have particular moral beliefs but behaving in a way that shows these are not sincere
irresponsible
not thinking enough or not worrying about the possible results of what you do
nocturnal
happening in or active during the night, or relating to the night
outrageous
shocking and morally unacceptable
risky
involving the possibility of something bad happening
venomous
poisonous
flourish
to grow or develop successfully
forage
to go from place to place searching, especially for food
hibernate
(of some animals) to spend the winter sleeping
lay
(of an animal or bird) to produce eggs from out of the body
poach
to cook something such as a fish, or an egg with its shell removed, by putting it in gently boiling water or other liquid
thrive
to grow, develop, or be successful
distressing
causing anxiety, sorrow or pain; upsetting
insist on doing something
to keep doing something, even if it annoys other people, or people think it is not good for you
appalling
shocking and very bad
dreadful
very bad, of very low quality, or shocking and very sad
objective
based on real facts and not influenced by personal beliefs or feelings
wasp
an insect with a slender* body and powerful sting
flock
a group of sheep, goats, or birds
snail
​ a small creature with a soft, wet body and a round shell, that moves very slowly and often eats garden plants
nest
a structure built by birds or insects to leave their eggs in to develop, and by some other animals to give birth or live in
crab
a sea creature with five pairs of legs and a round, flat body covered by a shell, or its flesh eaten as food
turtle
an animal which lives in or near water and has a thick shell covering its body into which it can move its head and legs for protection
bear
a large, heavy mammal which walks on the soles of its feet, having thick fur and a very short tail. Bears are related to the dog family but have an omnivorous diet
reindeer
a type of deer with large horns that lives in the northern parts of Europe, Asia, and North America:
rhinoceros
a very large, thick-skinned animal from Africa or Asia that has one or two horns on its nose:
emu
a large Australian bird with a long neck and grey or brown feathers. Emus cannot fly but have long legs and can run quickly:
ostrich
a very large bird from Africa that cannot fly:
arachnid
any of a group of small animals, similar to insects but with four pairs of legs, that include spiders, scorpions, ticks, and mites
invertebrate
an animal with no spine:
primate
Any member of the group of animals that includes human beings, apes, and monkeys.
tarantula
any of various large spiders covered in hair, some of which have a poisonous bite
jellyfish
a sea creature with a soft, oval, almost transparent body
llama
a large South American animal with a long neck and long hair, often kept for its meat, milk, or fur and to carry heavy loads
defy
to refuse to obey a person, decision, law, situation, etc.:
Achilles heel
a small problem or weakness in a person or system that can result in failure:
interference
an occasion when someone tries to interfere in a situation: intrusion, intervention,
coniferous
one of various types of evergreen tree (= one that never loses its leaves) that produce fruit in the form of cones
bog
soft, wet ground, or an area of this
understory
a layer of plants and bushes that grows under the canopy (= the thick, high roof formed by branches and leaves) of a forest:
moss
a very small, green or yellow plant that grows especially in wet earth or on rocks, walls, and tree trunks:
logs
a thick piece of tree trunk or branch, especially one cut for burning on a fire
verge
brink;
locust
a large insect found in hot areas that flies in large groups and destroys plants and crops:
epic
a film, poem, or book that is long and contains a lot of action, usually dealing with a historical subject:
raid
a short sudden attack, usually by a small group of people:
inept
not skilled or effective:
herring
a long, silver-coloured fish that swims in large groups in the sea, or its flesh eaten as food
bonanza
a situation from which large profits are made:
bump into something
to accidentally hit against something
bead
a small piece of glass, stone, or similar material that is threaded with others to make a necklace or rosary or sewn on to fabric.
coat
to cover something with a layer of a particular substance:
scent
a pleasant natural smell:
encounter
to experience something, especially something unpleasant:
uncanny
strange or mysterious; difficult or impossible to explain:
ferry
convey in a ferry or other ship or boat, especially across a short stretch of water.
scout
a person, especially a soldier, sent out to get information about where the enemy are and what they are doing Thesaurus: synonyms and related words
Level 10