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'So, weeping, smiling, greet I thee, my earth,' (Richard)
Richard personifies British soil.
'That Power that made you King Hath power to keep you King in spite of all.' (Carlisle)
Carlisle believes that God will ensure Richard is king no matter what.
'He fires the proud tops of the eastern pines, And darts his light through every guilty hole,' (Richard)
Richard says that he will return and shine light onto the guilty.
'Then murders, treasons and detested sins...Stand bare and naked, trembling at themselves?' (Richard)
Those treacherous criminals will be ashamed of their conduct.
'Shall see us rising in our throne, the east, His treasons will sit blushing in his face,' (Richard)
Bolingbroke will be embarrassed when Richard rises, like the sun, back onto his throne.
'Not all the water in the rough rude sea Can wash the balm from an anointed king.' (Richard)
Richard is confident that his reign cannot be overthrown.
'But now the blood of twenty thousand men Did triumph in my face, and they are fled;' (Richard)
Richard exaggerates the number of men who have deserted him.
'I had forgot myself. Am I not King? Awake, thou coward majesty! Thou sleep'st.' (Richard)
Richard berates himself for behaving in a cowardly fashion.
'both young and old rebel, And all goes worse than I have power to tell.' (Scroope)
It seems that everybody has turned against Richard.
'Three Judases, each one thrice worse than Judas!' (Richard)
Richard feels his friends have betrayed him.
'Let's talk of graves, of worms, and epitaphs,' (Richard)
Richard feels he is headed only for the grave.
'Our lands, our lives and all are Bullingbrooke's, And nothing can we call our own, but death,' (Richard)
Richard is resigned to the fact that Bolingbroke will take the crown.
'For God's sake let us sit upon the ground, And tell sad stories of the death of kings,' (Richard)
Richard sits to dwell on his impending deposition.
'within the hollow crown That rounds the mortal temples of a king, Keeps Death his court,' (Richard)
Richard realises that the crown means little, as kings are mortal men.
'and there the antic sits, Scoffing at his state and grinning at his pomp,' (Richard)
Richard says that Death sits laughing at kings.
'Infusing him with self and vain conceit,' (Richard)
Death allows kings to become self-obsessed.
'As if this flesh which walls about our life Were brass impregnable;' (Richard)
Kings are allowed to believe that they are immortal.
'For you have mistook me all this while; I live with bread like you, feel want, Taste grief, need friends,' (Richard)
Richard says that others mistakenly believed he were more than just a man, however he needs all that men need.
'To fear the foe, since fear oppresseth strength, Gives, in your weakness, strength unto your foe,' (Carlisle)
Carlisle says that Richard, but showing weakness, is giving his enemy strength.
'there I'll pine away: A king, woe's slave, shall kingly woe obey.' (Richard)
Richard says he will do what his sadness tells him and die.
'Discharge my followers; let them hence away, From Richard's night to Bullingbrooke's fair day.' (Richard)
Richard dismisses his followers and gives in to the inevitable.