Level 1

basics


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family
a group of people related biologically or by law or marraige. culturally and historically specific
household
where a group of people live together
bigony
marry twice
monogamous
sexually exclusive relationship
nuclear family
mum dad and 2 children on average
cereal packet family
mum dad son daughter, middle class and white british
stigmatised
to set some mark of disgrace or frown upon
parsons
believes roles are natural and biological - husband is the breadwinner (instrumental), wife responsible for primary socialisation (expressive).
functionalist say
domestic division of labour benificial for whole family and society as a whole for reproduction and socialisation.
critics of parsons
feminists (only benifits men) and willmotte and young (variety of different roles)
bott
2 types of conjugal roles - joint and segregated
willmott and young
in thier study of east london in the 1950's found mostly segregated roles
march of progress
young and willmott 1973 found family gradually improving becoming less segregated since 1950's
1973 east london findings were
women in work, men help with housework/ family and couples spend leisure time together
feminists act 1960's
change in womens position, now acceptable to work
new technology
domestic chores can be done through technology ed dishwasher allowing more free time for couples to spend together
geographical mobility
live away from traditional communities able to change your values
ann oakley (march of progress)
criticised young and willmott saying thier results are exaggerated - no evidence of move towards symmetry
boulton
less then 20% of husbands played a major role in childcare
ward and hetherington
men would only cary out routine female tasks when partners were not around
sex typed
chores that men will do and chores that men will do. eg washing mum, DIY dad
young people less likely to
sex type as less segregation, less gender roles, less limitations
future foundation 2000
60% of men thought they did more housework then thier fathers AND 75%of women thought they did less then thier mothers
oakley
the rise of the housewife
rise of housewife
began during industrialisation when paid work moved away from the home. men were the sole breadwinners and women the housewife
Level 2