Level 1
Level 2

Consonants


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k क
as sound of "k" in karate or sound of "c" in cut
kh ख
as sound of "kh" in khaki
g ग
as sound of "g" in gum
gh घ
as sound of "gh" in ghost
xn ङ
similar to the sound of "n" in bring, thing. Rarely used in English
ch च
as sound of "ch" in chuck;use of middle palate
chh छ
similar to the "ch" in chuck , but with the release of breath, or aspiration.
jx ज
variation of sound of "j" in jug; use of front palate
zh झ
variation of sound of "z" in lazy; use of middle palate
yn ञ
distinct sound of "y" and "n" pronounced together
t ट
as sound of "t" in tune, hit
tdh ठ
sound of "dh" using back palate and moving toung down instantantly blowing air out
d ड
as sound of "d" in done
dhv ढ
sound of "dh" using back palate as sound of "dh" in "adhere"
tn ण
sound of "n" using middle palate.
tv त
soft sound of "t" , dental sound of "t" as sound of "t" in Spanish word "tamale"
th थ
as sound of "th" in thumb, thick
dv द
as sound of "th" in mother, there
dh ध
as sound of "th" this
n न
as sound of "n" in nun, none
p प
as sound of "p" in pun
f फ
as sound of "f" in firm
b ब
as sound of "b" in bum
bh भ
as sound of "b" using lips and saying "b" and "h" together as in "bhaji"
m म
as sound of "m" in mother
y य
as sound of "ye" in yes
r र
as sound of "ru" in run
l ल
as sound of "lo" in love
w व
as sound of "wo" in work
sh श
as sound of "sh" in shun {middle palate}
hsh ष
close to the sound of "ssion" in mission {back palate}
s स
as sound of "so" in some
h ह
as sound of "hu" in hut
ksh क्ष
as sound of letters "ksh" pronunced together
dn ज्ञ
distinct sound similar to "gya"
tvr त्र
as sound of "tr" in Russian word peristroika Or close to the sound of "tr" in tree if used front palate.
Level 3