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Level 25

Crime Prevention and Punishment SOCIAL POLICIES


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Boorman
Performed a study that revealed HALF prisoners once they left jail went on the reoffend, and this figure rises after two years
Goffman
suggests prisons have their own subcultures, which provide training grounds for criminal and only goes to develop their master status
Tough on Causes of Crime
The Left Realism ideology that we should be tough on what causes crime such as poverty, poor parenting, unemployment, bad housing etc
Neighbourhood Watch
Is one crime prevention method is using citizens to keep an eye on their neighbourhood and work as a community to keep crime down. However its questinable how effective this is
Youth police commissioner
An elected member that is appointed to build a bridge between young people and policing. This is a crime prevention method to help keep crime down in young people. Left realists would like this as it addresses the root of crime
Paris Brown 2013
Was Britains first youth police and crime commissioner, but due to rascist and homophobic tweets was forced to step down. This raised the issue to how respectable a youth commissioner can really be
Sure Start Centres
Early intervention strategy where it aims to help children not get into crime by providing INTENSIVE PARENTING SUPPORT. Marxists argue that this is a condensing method that assumes working class parents dont know how to parent
Parenting Orders
court orders issued to parents of persistent young offenders who fail to properly supervise their children
Criminal Behaviour Orders (CBO)
Cracking down on anti-social behaviour like graffiti, hoax calls, verbal abuse, noisy neighbours, drug abuse. Labellists such as Becker would have major anger at these orders as they can create a master status. In addition often these and ASBO's can be seen as a badge of honour
Growing Inequality
Taylor believes globalisation has lead to the richer getting richer through expanding companies, offshore bank accounts, overseas investments etc which has lead to more relative deprivation for the poor. This feeds crime
confusion
There was confusion over what behaviours actually prompted dispersal orders which only further angers young people
Foucault
Postmodernist that points out that surveillance is penetrating ever more into private aspects of our lives. CCTV is providing a 24 hour big brother state. He argues this promotes conformity
5 million
Amount of CCTV cameras in Britain
Postmodernists on Crime Prevention
they argue that extensive surveillance can reduce crime but they ignore the implications of this for human rights and privacy
Level 26