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Control Theory


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Control Theorists
Unlike most criminology control theory offers theories for why people obeys rules.These ask why more people dont commit crime and what prevents them
Wilson and Kelling (control theory)
These use the broken window theory and believe those who live in well maintained areas feel that they are apart of society and therefore are less likely to commit crime
Etzioni
Suggests that in the past poor communities policed themselves and the criminal underclass has taken over i.e. Brazils Favelas gangs do police the area which helps decrease cirme
Criminal Behaviour
Social Control theorists believe this is predictable but that society has not curtailed it yet.
Walter Reckless
According to this control theorist, people have two control systems that work against their desire to deviate. Each person has a set of inner controls and outer controls.
Inner controls
are internalized thought processes such as a sense of morality, conscience, or religious beliefs. People may also refrain from doing acts of deviance because they fear punishment or couldn’t live with the guilt that would come from acting outside of society’s norms
Outer controls
These consist of the people in our lives who encourage us not to stray. They could be family members, police officers, clergy, or teachers. Whoever they are, they influence us to conform to society’s expectations.
Hirschi (Control theory)
Believes there are four social bonds that prevent people from commiting crime including. ATTACHMENT to society, BELIEF in rules, INVOLVEMENT in society and COMMITMENT to society
Attachment (Hirschi)
Those who feel a strong attachment to other people, such as family or close friends, are less likely to be deviant. If people have weak relationships, they feel less need to conform to the other person’s or group’s norms.
Commitment (Hirschi)
Individuals who have a sincere commitment to legitimate goals are more likely to conform to society’s norms. Those goals could be a legitimate job, higher education, financial stability, or a long-term relationship.
Involvement (Hirschi)
The more involved people are with legitimate activities, the less likely they are to deviate from appropriate behaviour. Not only does he not have time to waste in potentially harmful activities, but he has a lot to lose if he does.
Belief (Hirschi)
Individuals whose personal belief systems differ from those of the dominant society are more likely to commit deviance. A person raised to believe that it is acceptable to cheat, lie, and steal will probably not integrate into mainstream society
Level 5