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Marxist theory on Crime


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Chambliss and Mankoff
These two Marxists highlighted that the vast majority of law is property law. And the reason this is because the ruling classes need to protect their private land from the poork.
Selective Legislation
Term that highlights the differences of legislation, e.g. there is soft legislation on alcohol to protect the rich liquor companies yet alcoholism is responsible for many deaths and crime especially by the poor
Snider
Argues legislation is sometimes RESTRICTED because it could threaten the rulling classes interests. i.e. Health and safety laws are often weakly enforced as they don't affect the rulling classes e.g. Bhopal disaster
Invisible crime
(Why Corporate and White Collar crime is hard to detect) White colllar and corporate crime is very hard to detect as they take place in the workplace and cover ups can be very sophisticated
Snider on Burglary
Argues that this working class crime doesn't affect society to the same extent that corporate crimes such as broken health and safety rules. i.e. Think of the corporate cover up of asbestos and the damage that has done
Marxists on Media
Marxists believe the news presents burglars as the real hardcore criminals, however corporate lawbreakers are treated lightly
Lawyers
The rich have more money to buy the best quality of these meaning that perhaps they can get out crimes more easily. Marxists would say that this factor means the legal system is flawed
Chambliss on Gangs
Researched one middle class gang (saints) and one working class gang (roughnecks). He discovered that the middle class gang were treated better by police and school even though their crimes were worse, he found their better image allowed them to dodge crimes
Chambliss on Corporate crime
Studied crime in SEATTLE and found those in power were using their influence to avoid prison. Some politicians would bribe officials and so forth
Selective Enforcement
Term refers to certain rules being more enforced that others. i.e benefit thieves are always lambasted in the media yet white collar criminals aren't picked on in the same manner
Gordon
Argues selective enforcement and selective media reporting gives the public the impression that all criminals are all working class and diverts attention away from ruling classes
Crime in Communism
Marxists say that crime goes hand in hand with a capitalist system yet if we look at communists societies such as soviet Russia and Cuba there were vast amounts of white collar crime
Switzerland
This country is a highly capitalist country yet has some of the lowest crime rates in the world so is Marxist theory wrong about crime being high in capitalism?
Feminists on Marxists
Feminists accuse Marxists on ignoring the role of patriarchy in the role of social control
Left Realists on Marxists
They believe the marxist focus on corporate crime is important but if you focus on it too much you neglect working class crime and its affects. Also they criticise marxists for romanticising w/c criminals as 'Robin Hoods' fighting capitalism.
Capitalism is Criminogenic
The Marxist idea that capitalism by its very nature causes crime and provides the perfect environment for deviance to occur. The exploited working class express anger through crime whilst greedy ruling classes allow white collar crime to thrive
Marxists Offer a Solution
Marxism is one of the few sociological theories that actually offers a solution to stopping crime- which is creating a communist society
Taylor
NEO MARXIST- criticizes traditional Marxism for its determinism e.g. he doesnt believe blocked opportunities and capitalism cause crime. Instead its a conscious choice in which criminals commit crime TO REDISTRIBUTE WEALTH TO POOR
Level 9