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Comparisons and Images


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Allegory
A form of extended metaphor in which the underlying meaning has a moral, social, religious or political significance
Analogy
The comparison of two pairs which have the same relationship
Metaphor
A comparison of two dissimilar things which does not use 'like' or 'as'
Simile
A comparison of two dissimilar things using 'like' or 'as'
Symbolism
The use of an object or idea to suggest a broader and deeper meaning
Symbols
Anything that stands for something else (E.g. a flag represents the nation)
Personification
Giving human attributes, powers or feelings to abstractions or inanimate objects
Oxymoron
A statement with two parts which seem contradictory
Paradox
A statement with two parts which seem contradictory yet make sense with more thought
Metonymy
substituting a word for another word closely associated with it (E.g. stage = theatre)
Euphemism
Using a mild or gentle phrase instead of a blunt, embarrassing or painful one (E.g. 'gone to a better place' rather than 'dead')
Archetype
Characters, images and themes that symbolically embody universal meanings and basic human experiences
Anthropomorphism
The act of attributing human forms or qualities to entities which are not human
Synecdoche
The use of a part to represent the whole (E.g. 'lend me your ears' = give me your attention
Stereotype
A simplified and/or standardized conception or image with specific meaning often held in common by members of a group
Level 3