Level 1

How to Spot an Argument


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Argument
Series of sentences, statements, or propositions where some are the premises and one is the conclusion, where the premises are intended to give a reason for the conclusion
Persuasion
This process tries to change your belief or actions(and bad reasons can do that).
Explanation
Giving a reason why something happened or is true.
Causal Explanation
A type of explanation based in cause and effect reasoning.
Material Explanation
A type of explanation based in what kind of "stuff" was involved in the phenomenon discussed.
Teleological Explanation
A type of explanation based in goals or ends.
Formal Explanation
A type of explanation based in the arrangement or configuration of the phenomenon involved
Conventionality of Language
Patterns of using words in certain ways based on culture or societal norms
Referential
The _____ view of language holds the view that what words mean are what they refer to and what sentences mean are the facts that they try to describe.
Use
According to Ludwig Wittgenstein Meaning is
Goal of Explanation
Attemping to fit a particular phenomenon into a general pattern in order to increase understanding and remove bewilderment or surprise.
LINGUISTIC ACT
act of saying something meaningful in a language. It is the basic act that is needed to make anything part of language
conversational act
speaker’s act of causing a standard kind of effect in the listener; it is what I do by saying something—for example, I persuade someone to do something.
Premise Marker
Because
Conclusion Marker
Therefore
speech act
concerns the move a person makes in saying something. Different kinds of ________ are indicated by the various verbs found in explicit performatives.
Justifying
Showing someone a reason to believe the conclusion(presumably with good reasons)
Level 2