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Most influential person in the Congress of Vienna who restored the monarchs to their thrones; believed in conservatism
heart of the Italian Unification; began the young Italy movement that was against Austrian rule; wrote pamphlets explaining why the Austrians were wrong; helped inspire a revolt (revolution on 1848) that failed but inspired Nationalism
brains of the Italian Unification; was the prime minister of Sardinia; 1859 he allied France with Italy and in return got Lombardy creating the Kingdom of Italy
courage/sword of the Italian Unification; leads read shirts (volunteer fighters); takes control of the Kingdom of the two Sicilies; seen as liberator of southern Italy
Otto Von Bismarck
Former Prime minister of Prussia; builds military and decides Prussia will unite through Germany using "blood and iron"; defeats Austria and leads to Northern German states; unification of northern Germany
was Kaiser (leader) of Prussia, made Otto von Bismarck 2nd in command; Him and Bismarck unified Germany
French emperor who first gained power after being caused to break up a royalist rebellion in Paris, protecting the Directory (which he eventually got rid of). Also, a former Jacobin.
Duke of Wellington
Leader of the combined British and Prussian army; would defeat Napoleon at Waterloo
Napoleon's nephew who became 1st president of France
Congress of Vienna
-peace settlement 1814-1815
Concert of Europe
a combination of the 39 stares in Germany created by the Congress of Vienna
Glorification of the military.
Battle of Waterloo
This was the battle that Napoleon lost after his return from Elba that ended his reign as French ruler.
popular acceptance of an authority
politics based on practical rather than moral or ideological considerations
the belief that people should be as free as possible from government restraint
a political philosophy based on tradition and social stability, favoring obedience to the government
Sun Yat-sen'd Three Principles of the People
a political philosophy to make China a free, prosperous, and powerful nation. The three principles are often translated into and summarized as nationalism, democracy, and the livelihood of the people.
Young Italy Movement
Mazzini's failed republican cause for a unified Italy in 1831, trying to show how Austria was wrong to just rule over them
Garibaldi's army of volunteer fighters
Napoleon created this republic still giving him absolute power
One law code that everyone must obey with 7 parts
the belief that rulers should be chosen for their superior abilities and not because of their wealth or birth
first hundred days of Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency
An island of Italy in the Mediterranean Sea where Napoleon was first exiled to.
Battle of Austerlitz
third coalition collapses so Napoleon is able to conquer most of Europe; awakens nationalism
Battle at Moscow
It was French versus Russia, huge loss of troops for Napoleon, Prussia and Austria see weakness in France and join Russia
Revolutions of 1830-1848
Revolution of France, German States, Austrian Empire, and Italy
term for official leader of unified Germany 1st one was William I
Conflict between Russia and France, Britain, Ottoman Empire, and Italy over the land dealing of the Ottoman Empire. Mainly a fight of power in Europe and Russia loses.