Level 100
Level 101

Napoleon & the Congress of Vienna


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Napoleon Bonaparte
French emperor who first gained power after being caused to break up a royalist rebellion in Paris, protecting the Directory (which he eventually got rid of). Also, a former Jacobin.
Corsica
The island in the Mediterranean Sea where Napoleon was born in 1769
Savior of the French Republic
This was one of the many titles Napoleon received during his rise to power and his reign of power
Coup d'etat
1799, A sudden overthrow of the government by Napoleon.
plebiscite
A vote by the people.
Lycée
A government run public school established by Napoleon
Concordat
An agreement signed by Napoleon and the Pope to restore the Catholic Church
Napoleonic Code
One law code that everyone must obey with 7 parts
December 2, 1804
Napoleon was crowned the Emperor of France in an elaborate ceremony in the Notre Dame Catherdral in Paris
Battle of Trafalgar
October 21, 1805. Battle between French and English navies, English won. Destroyed any hope of the French landing in England.
Battle of Austerlitz
third coalition collapses so Napoleon is able to conquer most of Europe; awakens nationalism
Coalition
A temporary alliance
continental system
Napoleon's efforts to block foreign trade with England by forbidding Importation of British goods Into Europe.
Peninsular War
Napoleon invaded Spain, desposed the king and tried to put his brother Joseph on the throne; the Spanish resisted and defeated Napoleon's army
Sun Yat-sen'd Three Principles of the People
a political philosophy to make China a free, prosperous, and powerful nation. The three principles are often translated into and summarized as nationalism, democracy, and the livelihood of the people.
Guerilla Warfare
When ordinary peasants hid and ambushed the French army; they attacked then fled; they had the support of the British
Invasion of Russia
Czar Alexander I refused to stop selling grain to Britain; as a result, Napoleon attacked his country with the Grand Army
Grand Army
The group of men drafted by Napoleon from the countries he had "liberated"; they had no loyalty to Napoleon or France
Scorched-Earth Policy
The systematic burning of grain fields, the killing of livestock and the destruction of other item to keep them from the enemy
Grand Coalition
An alliance between Britain, Austria, Prussia, Russia and Sweden who capitalized on Napoleon's weakness and defeated him
Exile
To banish
Elba
An island of Italy in the Mediterranean Sea where Napoleon was first exiled to.
Battle of Waterloo
This was the battle that Napoleon lost after his return from Elba that ended his reign as French ruler.
St. Helena
Small Island where Napoleon was last exiled to until his death.
Congress of Vienna
-peace settlement 1814-1815
Great Power
A country strong enough to shape or influence international events
Congress of Vienna (goal)
To restore Europe to pre-Napoleon days
Diplomacy
The making of agreements by officials to establish the peace; used by the Congress of Vienna
Klemens von Metternich
The most influential member of the Congress of Vienna; he worked for Austria but called himself a "Citizen of Europe"
Encirclement of France
An attempt to strengthen the countries around France to prevent future French aggression
Balance of Power
An attempt to ensure that no country was a threat to another; as a result, France remained a Great Power (kept borders, kept army)
Legitimacy
popular acceptance of an authority
Containment of France
An attempt to strengthen the countries around France to prevent future French aggression
Level 102