Level 105
Level 106

Europe After Napoleon Bonaparte


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nationalism and liberalism
what were 2 ideas that dominated europe between 1815 and 1900
what is liberalism
the belief in a democracy
what is nationalism
loyalty to your country
5 factors of nationalism
1. shared experiences, problems, and dangers
chauvinism
extreme nationalism
it leads to war
what's the danger of Chauvinism
radical liberals
believe in a complete democracy for everyone
what's the purpose of the Congress of Vienna
to establish a peace settlement after fall of Napolean
5 main representatives
1. Alexander I, Russia
Russia wanted the Grand Duchy of Warsaw
what did Russia want and what did Prussia want
the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Dutch Netherlands and Austrian Netherlands combine and become what?
Parma, Milan, Venetia, Lombardy, Tuscany, Modena
Austria takes control of what 5 Italian states as a provision of Vienna
Finland
russia gets _______ as provision of Vienna
Norway
Sweeden gets _______ as proviso. of Vienna
Malta
Great Britain gets this country which later becomes independant
What is the 2nd purpose of the Congress of Vienna
to draw a ring around france to make sure France doesn't become too powerful
they stay neutral
Switzerland become independent as long as _______
What is a reactionary
an individual who wants to turn back the clock and put monarchs on the thrones of Europe
German Confederation
a combination of the 39 stares in Germany created by the Congress of Vienna
Great Britain, Prussia, Russia, Austria
What were the countries involved in the Quadruple Alliance
2 purposes of the Quadruple Alliance
1. Make sure the Congress of Vienna is carried out
Quintuple Alliance involves what countries
all ones in quadruple + France
Metternich System and Congress System
what else was the Concert of Europe known as?
What was the Age of Metternich
when Europe and Metternich try to make sure there will be no democracies developed in Europe
what are the 3 challenges of Metternich
Carlsbad Decrees, Troppau Protocol, Greek War for Independence
Frederick William III
Who did Metternich go to to stop the teachers
1815-1900
Europe after Napoleon lasted from when to when?
What is nationalism?
Love of country, patriotism, feeling of loyalty
Supported democracy
What is liberalism?
Extreme nationalism
What is the definition of chauvinism?
What are radical liberals?
Individuals who push for a complete democracy for everyone
2
How many meetings did the Congress of Vienna have?
What was the purpose of the Congress of Vienna?
To set up a peace settlement after the fall of Napoleon
When Napoleon is exiled to Elba
When did the 1st Congress of Vienna meeting take place?
When Napoleon is exiled to St. Helena
When did the 2nd Congress of Vienna meeting take place?
700
How many representatives were there in the Congress of Vienna?
All of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, Great Britain
What did Russia want? Who said they can't have it?
Saxony, Austria
What did Prussia want? Who said they can't have it?
What did Prussia get by the Congress of Vienna? What did Russia get?
Prussia got part of Saxony, Russia got part of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw
Kingdom of the Netherlands
What did the Dutch Netherlands and Austrian Netherlands become? (Combined to be known as what?)
What was the 2nd purpose of the Congress of Vienna?
To draw a ring around France so that France will not become too powerful
Switzerland
What country will stay independent as long as she stays neutral?
What is a reactionary?
An individual who wants to turn back the clock and put monarchs on the throne of Europe
Confederation of the Rhine, German Confederation
What does the Congress of Vienna do away with? What does it become?
What are the 2 purposes of the Quadruple Alliance?
1. Make sure Congress of Vienna is carried out
Metternich
Most influential person in the Congress of Vienna who restored the monarchs to their thrones; believed in conservatism
Alexander I
Russian tsar who decided it was necessary to make peace with France.
What did the Holy Alliance say?
Monarchs should rule by Christian principles and should rule as Christian princes
Great Britain
What were the two dangers that the Directory faced.
What is the definition of the Age of Metternich?
This is when Europe and Metternich tried to make sure that there will be no democracies developed in Europe
Germany
Country with the largest state-supported theater system
Large number of students and teachers
Who wanted to push for democratic reforms in Germany?
What was the Carlsbad Decrees?
Censorship was placed on all magazines, newspapers, and books (in Germany)
In the Carlsbad Decrees, from this point on _______.
Teachers/students were monitored so they wouldn't push for democratic reforms
Secret societies
In the Troppau Protocol, who was pushing for democratic reforms?
Ferdinand VII, Bourbon
Who did the secret society that went to Spain force off the throne? Family name?
A democratic constitution
What was Ferdinand VII forced to sign before he was forced off the throne?
Ferdinand I, Bourbon
Who did the secret society that went to Italy force off the throne? Family name?
Democratic constitution
What was Ferdinand I forced to sign before he was forced off the throne?
Several countries
What makes up the Troppau Protocol?
What is the definition of the Troppau Protocol?
This involved the use of force to make sure the Metternich system was carried out
France, Ferdinand VII
Who took an army into Spain during the Troppau Protocol? Who was restored to the throne?
Austria, Ferdinand I
Who took an army into Italy during the Troppau Protocol? Who was restored to the throne?
Ottoman Empire
Who was Greece controlled by?
Alexander I, replaced by his brother Nicholas I
Who was the czar of Russia that didn't want to help the Greeks? Who replaced him?
Romanov
the Russian imperial line that ruled from 1613 to 1917
Nicholas I
Which czar helped the Greeks?
They used a "presumed show of force"
How did Great Britain, France, and Russia "defeat" the Ottoman Empire?
Treaty of Adrianople- 1829
What treaty gave Greece her independence? (year also)
Spain, let them be independent, wanted them back
Who used to control Central and South America? What did they (the owner) eventually do? Then what?
When was the Monroe Doctrine passed? What did it say?
1823, Spain leave us alone, and we will leave you alone
James Monroe
Who was the president when the Monroe Doctrine was passed?
Bourbon
kings of France, also the family name of the line of kings who had ruled France for 200 years
Louis XVIII
Louis XVI brother, he was the king of France before and after Napoleon's exile.
No, kept Napoleon's laws, 10 years
Did Louis XVIII make any changes? What did he keep? How long did he rule?
A constitution that limited his powers
What was Louis XVIII forced to accept?
What was White Terror?
This is when Louis XVIII and his cronies killed a large number of people in Southern France who wanted Napoleon back on the throne
Who were Liberals?
Individuals in France pushing for democratic reforms
Who were Ultra-royalists?
Individuals that told Louis XVIII to man up and to stand up to the people in France (Take control)
Charles X, brothers
Who was Louis XVIII replaced by? His relation to Louis?
Charles X
Who was a reactionary king of France?
July Revolution, 1830, 3 days
What was the revolt called when the common people rebelled? Date? How long did it last?
Charles X was forced to abdicate the throne
After the July Revolution lasted for 3 days, what happened?
Revolution of 1830, 9 years
What was the revolution in the Netherlands called? How long did it last?
Austrian Netherlands and Dutch Netherlands, Austrian Netherlands wanted to be independent
What are the 2 groups in the Netherlands? Which wanted to be independent?
Dutch- Protestant
What religion was Dutch Netherlands? Austrian?
Dutch- Dutch
What language did Dutch Netherlands speak? Austrian?
Belgium
Louis XVII fled to where?
Leopold I
Who was the 1st king of Belgium?
Where did Louis Philippe get his titles?
From the support of the common people
Took rights away from them, nobles and middle class
Louis Philippe supported common people, but then did what? Then who did he support?
Revolt
What do the common people do when Louis Philippe took rights from them?
National Guard, they join the commoners
Who does Louis Philippe send in to stop the common people? What do they do?
Louis Philippe
Who is forced to abdicate the throne when the National Guard joins with the commoners?
The end of the 1st French Republic
When Louis Philippe abdicated the throne, this was what?
List 5 factors of nationalism
1. shared experiences, problems, and dangers
What is chauvinism?
extreme nationalism which can cause war
Moderate Liberals
liberalism was the opposite Ages ago
to establish peace after the fall of Napoleon
What was the purpose of the Congress of Vienna?
two
There were _ meetings held by Congress of Vienna.
Level 107