Level 115
Level 116

Congress of Vienna & the Rise of Nationalism


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Metternich
Most influential person in the Congress of Vienna who restored the monarchs to their thrones; believed in conservatism
Balance of Power
An attempt to ensure that no country was a threat to another; as a result, France remained a Great Power (kept borders, kept army)
Legitimacy
popular acceptance of an authority
Liberalism
the belief that people should be as free as possible from government restraint
Conservatism
a political philosophy based on tradition and social stability, favoring obedience to the government
Peninsulare
Highest up on social order of Spanish-American society, people born in Spain
Creole
just below peninsulares, spanish people born in Latin America who couldn't hold high levels in political power, but could become officers in the army
Mulatto
below mestizos, people of mixed European and African ancestry and enslaved Africans
Mestizo
below creoles, people of mixed European and Indian ancestory
Simon Bolivar
1783-1830, Venezuelan statesman: leader of revolt of South American colonies against Spanish rule.
Miguel Hidalgo
highly educated Creole priest; led a rag-tag army toward Mexico City, but he never made it. captured and shot
Sun Yat-sen'd Three Principles of the People
a political philosophy to make China a free, prosperous, and powerful nation. The three principles are often translated into and summarized as nationalism, democracy, and the livelihood of the people.
Nation-State
Country in which the majority of the people share a common culture and political loyalies in a gov't.
Garibaldi
courage/sword of the Italian Unification; leads read shirts (volunteer fighters); takes control of the Kingdom of the two Sicilies; seen as liberator of southern Italy
Bismarck
conservative prime minister of Germany who unified and strengthened the nation greatly, however was also a dictator
Realpolitik
politics based on practical rather than moral or ideological considerations
realism
A 19th century artistic movement in which writers and painters sought to show life as it is rather than life as it should be
impressionism
trying to show something as their impression of a subject or moment in time, often distinguished by the use of light
romanticism
19th century artistic movement that appealed to emotion rather than reason
Level 117