Level 132
Level 133

U.S. History Slavery & Abolition


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Abolition
A person who wanted to end slavery
Emancipation
The freeing of slaves.
Antebellum
Belonging to a period before a war especially the American Civil War
Secession (Secede)
Formal withdrawal of states or regions from a nation
Compromise of 1850
Before the War, Gave North and South part of what they wanted. (1) California admitted as free state, (3) resolution of Texas-New Mexico boundaries, (5) slave trade abolished in DC, and (6) new fugitive s…
Popular Sovereignty
Let the people decide on whether slavery should be allowed in territories through voting.
Fugitive Slave Act
Escaped slaves must be returned to masters (part of Compromise of 1850)
Underground railroad
1830, Harriet Tubman, a system that helped enslaved African Americans follow a network of escape routes out of the South to freedom in the North
Kansas-Nebraska Act
1854 - Created Nebraska and Kansas as states and gave the people in those territories the right to chose to be a free or slave state through popular sovereignty.
John Brown
Abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia.
Bleeding Kansas
(1856) a series of violent fights between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas who had moved to Kansas to try to influence the decision of whether or not Kansas would a slave state or a free state.
Nativism
A policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones.
Dred Scott
He was a slave who was taken to free territory. Scott sued for his freedom and the Supreme Court declared that slaves are property, not people.
Freeport Doctrine
Idea authored by Stephen Douglas that claimed slavery could only exist when popular sovereignty said so
Confederacy
A loose union of independent states; name of government used by the southern states that seceded from the Union.
Harpers Ferry
A federal arsenal in Virginia that was captured in 1859 during a slave revolt
Provision
A clause in a document or agreement.
Treason
Betrayal or disloyalty to one's country
American Colonization Society
A Society that thought slavery was bad. They would buy land in Africa and get free blacks to move there. One of these such colonies was made into what now is Liberia. Most sponsors …
Benjamin Banneker
Free African American that contributed to polotics, medicine, and science.
Lewis Temple
a free black who invented the harpoon
William Wells Brown
the first african american novelist and playwright.
Daniel A. Payne
established a free school for african americans.
african americans
Many southerners saw _______ as threats.
the 1790's.
When was cotton in great demand?
Sea Island cotton
cotton grown on the Sea Islands off the coast of South Carolina, where the winters were very mild.
upland cotton
cotton that could withstand coler temperatures.
cotton gin
In 1793, Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin that removed the seeds from cotton mechanically
rapid growth of the northern cotton cloth industry
The cotton boom was made possible by the _______.
75
In 1860, _______% of southerners owned no slaves.
Christmas time
During _______, all work stopped and slaves were treated much better after the long cotton season.
The cotton gin increased _______.
the demand for slave labor
unhealthy
Slave quarters were simple, but not _______.
New Orleans
_______ claimed one of the largest and most successful slave markets.
completely necessary
By the 1830's, slaveowners thought that slavery was _______.
Fourth of July
During _______, Americans celebrated with fireworks, parades, ect.
angry that they are being treated so badly when their masters believe in equality of all men.
On the 4th of July, some speeches promoted equality. African American slaves felt _______ when they heard this.
Abolitionists
wanted to abolish slavery
northeners
Some _______ assisted fugitive slaves.
The Mexican Cession
The Wilmot Priviso stated that slavery woulr not be allowed in _______.
free
California entered the union as a _______ state.
slave
Missouri entered the union as a _______ state.
36-30 line
slaves were allowed south of the line.
Level 134