Level 135
Level 136

Racial Discrimination & Global Justice


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Race
Is a loose classification of groups of people based on physical characteristics.
Racism
Belief that one race is superior to another
Discrimination
Behavior targeted at individuals or groups and intended to hold them apart and treat them differently.
Prejudice
Racism implies prejudice. Is based on negative feelings and stereotypes rather than reason.
Relate racism to the history of European colonialism.
During the 17th and 18th centuries racism was incorporated into Western philosophy in part as response to the need to morally justify European colonization. John Locke's natural rights ethics for example while promoting a doct…
Lamark's contribution to racism
Formed the theory of the inheritance of acquired traits was used by scientists, theologians, and philosophers to explain the the superiority of white European and the inferiorty of native americans.
What was the Dred Scott decision of the Supreme Court in 1857?
He was a slave that had moved with his master to a free territory sued for his freedom. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled against Scott, arguing that blacks were strictly property and had no …
The Emancipation Proclamation 1863
Freed the slaves, rather than being based on moral repugnance toward slaves, was more of a political move calculated to weaken the confedarates forces and bring the war to an end. 2 years later…
KKK
Stands for Ku Klux Klan and started right after the Civil War in 1866. The Southern establishment took charge by passing discriminatory laws known as the black codes. Gives whites almost unlimited power. They ma…
What are "Jim Crow" laws and how did those laws work in this country up until 1954?
During the thirty years following the civil war the southern states passed these laws that prevented blacks from owning property in certain areas, allowed employers to hunt down and whip troublesome black workers, and enforced segregation in public places.
In 1954 the US Supreme Court ruled that school segregation was unconstitutional.
What was the substance of the court's decision called Brown vs. the Board of Education?
Blacks earn only 62 percent of what whites earn. 7 percent are living in poverty.
How does Boss relate poverty to racism in terms of the sources of funding for our current public school systems?
Hate Crime
is any crime motivated by hostility to the victim as a member of a group based on color, creed, gender, ethnicity, or sexual orientation.
Racial Profiling
is a routine, and often unconscious, practice by police and other law enforcement agents, such as the FBI and airport security, of targeting suspects on the basis of their race or ethnicity
affirmative action
A policy in educational admissions or job hiring that gives special attention or compensatory treatment to traditionally disadvantaged groups in an effort to overcome present effects of past discrimination. Improving economic and educational opportunities…
Institutional Racism
Occurs when the law or social system is set up to provide advantages to one group of people at the expense of others.
How is the idea of genocide related to Native Americans according to Boss?
In 1675 55 years after the pilgrims landed at Plymouth were nearly exterminated. In the 1800s the government undertook the systematic removal of Indians from the lands. Many Indians died of diseases and starvations
How was racism manifested in the history of US immigration policy starting in the 1920's?
The growing "nativist" sentiment made it almost impossible for anyone but people from northern Europe to immigrate to the USA. Racial hatred and Klan activities expanded their targets to include Jews, Puerto Ricans, southern Europeans,Asians, Mexicans, and Native Americans.
Human Dignity and Racism
Racism involves ill will and a disregard for the dignity and welfare of certain people based on their assigned race.
KKK and Native Americans
What does Boss say are the 2 most egregious examples of the roots of racism in our country?
Utilitarians
~Racism hurts
Restitution/Reparation
Is a payment made to a group of people for past harms.
Boss's Conclusion
~Bc racism is woven into the very fabric of society and reinforced by personal prejudice, it is difficult to eliminate.
the Human Race
In the end, there is [only one race]:
Level 137