Level 151
Level 152

Empire in Transition


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sovereignty
supreme power or authority
old colonial system
mid-seventeenth century to the mid- eighteenth century, characterized by the acts, regulations, and enforcement institutions used by Britain to govern its colonies; mercantilism; England eased enforcement, and the policy of "salutary neglect" (neglect for…
new colonial system
The system that emerged after 1763 when the British government decided to reorganize the colonial system on more effic…
commonwealth
government founded on law and united by the agreement of the people
federation
a group of states with a central government but independence in internal affairs
right of revolution
the right or duty, variously stated throughout history, of the people of a nation to overthrow a government that acts against their common interests
Samuel Adams
From Massachusetts, he was one of the leaders of the radical faction and was even more radical than his cousin
Loyalists (Tories)
American colonists who remained loyal to the Kingdom of Great Britain (and the British monarchy) during the American Revolutionary War. At the time they were often called Tories, Royalists, or King's Men
democracy
A political system where people are able to decide who their leader will be.
republic
a government ruled by elected representatives instead of a monarch
Proclamation of 1763
The purpose of the proclamation was to organize Great Britain's new North American empire and to stabilize relations with Native North Americans through regulation of trade, settlement, and land purchases on the western frontier.
Sugar Act 1764
law made in response to illegal sugar trade between colonies and French/Spanish in West Indies. Raised duty on sugar while lowering duty on molasses
Paxton Boys
frontiersmen of Scots-Irish origin from along the Susquehanna River in central Pennsylvania who formed a vigilante group to retaliate in 1763 against local American Indians in the aftermath of the French and Indian War…
Regulators
Farmers of the Carolina upcountry who were against high taxes that local sherrifs collected, resisted taxes forcefully and put down
Sons of Liberty
American patriots from pre-independence NA-British colonies. Formed to protect rights of colonists and to take fight against the abuses of the British government. Known for undertaking the Boston Tea Party in 1773 in reactio…
Declaratory Act
The American Colonies Act 1766: an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain. The declaration stated that Parliament's authority was the same in America as in Britain and asserted Parliament's authority to pass laws …
Mutiny Act
Required colonists to assist in provisioning and maintaing the army England stationed permanently in America
Townshend Act
Numerous taxes that were placed on American colonists
Boston Massacre
people of Boston resented British troops, March 1770 a crowd harassed the guards of customs house, five people murdered, defended by John Adams and acquitted, Samuel Adams condemned it as a "massacre"
virtual representation
representation in an assembly when the representative is not directly connected to or from their representing region
Tea Boycott
Group of Bostonian men dressed up as Mohawk Indians went aboard three ships and dumped their tea cargo overboard
Intolerable Acts
Laws passed in 1774 that punished the colonists for the Boston Tea Party
George III
King of England during the American and French Revolutions
revolution
When people decide they don't like their government and use violence to get rid of it so they can make a new government.
Level 153