Level 158
Level 159

French Revolution & Science Revolution


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Louis XVI
king, clueless, bad decisions, tries to escape
Marie Antoinette
Louis XVI's wife, thought to have said "Let them eat cake"
Maximilian Robespierre
Raised a huge of national army to fight other nations that tried to invade French.
Napoleon Bonaparte
French emperor who first gained power after being caused to break up a royalist rebellion in Paris, protecting the Directory (which he eventually got rid of). Also, a former Jacobin.
human rights
The basic rights given to all people.
American patriots
People who favored independence from Great Britain.
tyranny
The unjust use of power, by the french monarchy.
Estates
Social classes
aristocracy
Noble, made up the second estate.
Bourgeoisie
Middle Class, merchants, doctors, lawyers, teachers
National Assembly
renamed from 3rd estate
A article written by the marquis DE Lafayette.
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
Radicals
People who wanted to make extreme changes.
Reign of Terror
the historic period (1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed
Directory
A group of 5 men who were given control of France following the Reign of Terror, but no competent enough to lead the war.
Coup d'etat
1799, A sudden overthrow of the government by Napoleon.
Napoleonic Code
One law code that everyone must obey with 7 parts
scientific method
logical procedure for gathering and testing ideas
isaac newton
brought bacon and descartes views together into a single theory of motion
Rationalism
A school of thought says all knowledge is based on reason.
francis Bacon
developed and urged scientists to follow the scientific method experiment and then draw conclusions
heliocentric
A model of the solar system in which Earth and the other planets revolve around the sun
Ptolemy
Astronomer-mathematician who stated that the earth was the center of the universe
Nicolaus Copernicus
A Polish priest who recognized that the earth revolved around the sun (heliocentric), the sun did not revolve around the earth (geocentric).
galileo galilei
built his own telescope and used it to study the heavens
Johannes Kepler
A mathematician who recognized that the planets did not revolve around the sun in circles, but ellipises (ovals).
revolution
When people decide they don't like their government and use violence to get rid of it so they can make a new government.
geocentric
A belief that the Earth is the center of the universe
Astronomer
Scientists who study the motions of stars and planets, invented better tools for looking at the universe.
Excommunication
To be exiled, or thrown out, of a church or group.
Hypothesis
Explanation of the data.
Ellipses
He also found that planets move faster as they get closer to the sun.
René Descartes
The father of modern philosophy
heresy
belief contrary to what the church believes
Level 160