Level 162
Level 163

Imperialism in Asia


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Meiji Restoration
The 1867 ousting of the Tokugawa Shogunate that "restored" the power of Japanese emperors. The starting point of modern Japanese gov.
opium
drug made from a plant called the opium poppy
Queen Victoria
set high standards for behavior among women and married couples.
Matthew Perry
the United States sent him to Japan and he convinced Japan to come out of its isolation in 1863
sphere of influence
area in which a foreign nation had special trading privileges and made laws for its own citizens
poverty
this is the condition of being very poor
addictive
habit-forming, hard to break away from, easy to say yes to
sphere
this is an area or a range of places where a foreign nation has control
Taiping Rebellion
A massive rebellion by believers in the religious teachings of Hong Xuiguan, begun in 1851 and not suppressed until 1864. Hong converts groups to create "heavenly peace" and gets economic and real estate control, w…
tea silk porcelin
what Chinese item did the British want to buy
why did China consider themselves self sufficient
they didn't need to trade with other countries
what caused the opium war
British refused to stop trading opium
who won the opium war
gb -steam powered gun boats
what are the 3 articles of the treaty of Nanking (1842)
gb gets Hong Kong, opium becomes legal and China pay for opium and war
Russia gb France Japan Germany Portugal
what nations carved China up in spheres of influence
Mongolia and Manchuria
where did Russia claim their sphere of influence
south (indochina)
where did France claim
Korea, Fuzhou, Formosa
where did Japan claim
shandong peninsula
where did Germany claim
marao
where did Portugal claim
both defeated. taiping- over 20 mil deaths and famine
how did the taiping and boxer rebellion lead to China's decline
island (archipelago)
describe Japan prior to its opening
trading, coal station, haven for shipwrecked sailors
why did us want to open up japan
why was the opening of Japan so important
opened up two ports, granted extraterritorial rights for americans
barbarians
how did the Japanese view foreigners
modern banking system
how did Japan modernize in the Meiji era
western dress
what did Japan borrow from the west
took over China and annexed korea
how did Japan become an imperial nation
Russo Japanese war
what wars did Japan fight and win
treaty of kanagawa- allow free trade with us
what was the names of the 2 treaties from the wats
taiping rebellions goals
peasants lost their jobs because of economic changes caused by opening up new ports and food production was too little for population
hated foreigners
how did the boxers form (magic powers) and what was their strategy
lin zexu
ended opium war
dowager empress cixi
ruler of China
Qing empire
who ruled China from 1644-1911 and didn't want change
canton
Chinese officials only allowed European powers to trade at a few ports including the port of what?
trade deficit
British couldn't trade with China
adapts western ways: constitution (Germany)
how did Japan respond to western intrusion
how did China respond to western intrusion
lost sino-Japanese war for influence in Korea
remain committed to some traditional values
how did both China and Japan confront the west
Tokugawa shogun
rule under feudal society and who resisted Japan from the world
commodore perry
our military pressure on Japan to open up
treaty of kanagawa
japan and us
when was emperor mutsunito restored
Meiji era 1868-1912- enlightened rule
Sun Yat-sen'd Three Principles of the People
a political philosophy to make China a free, prosperous, and powerful nation. The three principles are often translated into and summarized as nationalism, democracy, and the livelihood of the people.
Sino-Japanese War
Japan won and gained Taiwan from China and was able to make Korea a protectorate.
treaty of shimonoseki
after sino-Japanese war- more modern and industrialized
us- interested in opening up trade with China
after the first war who are the new imperial powers in asia
{battle of Tsushima}
Russia vs Japan
result of Russo-Japanese war
Japan annexes Korea 1910
Teddy Roosevelt
(1858-1919) Twenty-sixth president of the United States; he focused his efforts on trust busting, environment conservation, and strong foreign policy.
hong xiuquan
led taiping rebellion- "heavenly kingdom"
Treaty of Nanjing
extraterritorial rights {opium war}
Level 164