Level 175
Level 176

Stalin's Policies


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Socialism in One Country
In contrast to Lenin's Bolsheviks, who believed that socialism should be spread across nations, Stalin argued that Russia was a "special case"; in 1924 he coined this phrase that showed that Russia should focus personal socialist system
First Five Year Plan
this plan was from 1928-1933; it emphasized the importance of basic industry and electrification; Stalin's goal was to double Soviet production; while it did almost double industry production in coal and iron
Forced Collectivization
the process by which Stalin forced kulaks to give up their land in order to merge it into a large collective farm; Stalin's argument for this was that large units produce better goods
Dekulakization
the process in which the kulaks were killed, starved, or forced to immigrate to Siberia; this was because of their resistance to Stalin's collective farms goal; before they left, the kulaks destroyed their farm to…
Second Five Year Plan
Heavy industry top priority bringing Russia not far behind Germany as one of the major-steel producing countries of the world. Focused also on communication and having women work too.
Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact
Russian and German non aggression agreement, not to attack each other, also, divide up Poland
High Stalinism
a period of increased violence in the soviet union; released prisoners re-arrested, many sent to camps, purges, efforts to build atomic bomb
Comintern
Founded by Lenin in 1919, They were hoping for a worldwide communist revolution and looked specifically at China. They trained Chinese to bring communist ideas back home with them and preach it. Including Chang-Kai-Shek,…
Cominform
Communist Information Bureau - established in 1947. Was really a resurrection of the old Comintern which had been abandoned in 1943 in deference to the Allies in the midst of WW II when fighting with them against Nazi Germany.
Battle of Stalingrad
Unsuccessful German attack on the city of Stalingrad during World War II from 1942 to 1943, that was the furthest extent of German advance into the Soviet Union.
Yalta
1945 Meeting with US president FDR, British Prime Minister(PM) Winston Churchill, and and Soviet Leader Stalin during WWII to plan for post-war
Potsdam
July 26, 1945 - Allied leaders Truman, Stalin and Churchill met in Germany to set up zones of control and to inform the Japanese that if they refused to surrender at once, they would face total destruction.
KGB
The KGB was the secret police of the former Soviet Union. They basically could ac…
Iron Curtain
A term popularized by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to describe the Soviet Union's policy of isolation during the Cold War. The barrier isolated Eastern Europe from the rest of the world.
Central Committee
Supposedly the most important body in a communist party; its influence declined as it grew in size and the party needed daily leadership. Stalin was part of this
Leninism
A kind of communism that believes that the workers will never revolt on their own - they need a political party to guide them. More nationalistic than Marxism.
Show Trial
thousands of old Bolshevik leaders found guilty by use of violence to force false confession
Big Three
FDR, Churchill, and Stalin
Politburo
it was the executive committee for the communist system; Stalin was a member of this committee when Lenin died; A seven-member committee that became the leading policy-making body of the Communist Party in Russia
Purge
involved a large-scale purge of the Communist Party and government officials, repression of peasants and the Red Army leadership, and widespread police surveillance, suspicion of "saboteurs", imprisonment, and arbitrary executions
Kulaks
Essentially the landed gentry, wealthy private farmers who didn't want to give up their land, they were purged by Stalin
Mir
used by St…
Secreteriat
Initially a handful of party workers, the Secretariat evolved into a powerful bureaucracy with oversight of the entire Soviet political system and economy
Level 177