Level 180
Level 181

Road to War


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Parliament
A legislature consisting of the house of lords and the houese of commons, half were elected while half were appointed
stamp act
1765; law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.
repeal
To cancel a law. The Stamp Act
Sons of Liberty
American patriots from pre-independence NA-British colonies. Formed to protect rights of colonists and to take fight against the abuses of the British government. Known for undertaking the Boston Tea Party in 1773 in reactio…
Townshend Acts
1767 Parliament enacted new duties to be collected on colonial imports of tea, glass, and paper, required revenues raised be used to pay crown officials in the colonies, made them independent of colonial assemblies, prov…
tariff
a tax on imported goods
Daughters of Liberty
An organization formed by colonial women prior to the American Revolution. They got together to protest treatment of the colonies by their British rulers. They urged Americans to wear homemade fabrics and produce other g…
Boston Massacre
people of Boston resented British troops, March 1770 a crowd harassed the guards of customs house, five people murdered, defended by John Adams and acquitted, Samuel Adams condemned it as a "massacre"
Committee of Correspondence
A group set up in each of the colonies to quickly share information about taxes and other issues by writing letters to groups in the other colonies.
Intolerable Acts
Laws passed in 1774 that punished the colonists for the Boston Tea Party
patriot
American Colonists who wanted independence from Britain
loyalist
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence.
First Continental Congress
colonies sent delegates to Philidelphia to decide h to react to Threats to their liberties.
militia
A militia is a small army made up of ordinary citizens who are ready to fight in an emergency.
Minutemen
The colonial militia of Lexington, which assembled on the village green to face the British after being warned. They also attacked British soldiers by the hundreds and fired at them from behind stone walls
American Revolution
influenced by Enlightenment ideas
Battle of Bunker Hill
The British won the battle but suffered heavy losses (1,000 dead). The British learned that defeating the Americans would not be easy.
Boycott
an act of voluntarily abstaining from using, buying, or dealing with a person, organization, or country as an expression of protest, usually for social or political reasons. Sometimes, it can be a form of consumer activism.
Tariffs
Taxes
Protest
an action or statement disapproving of someone
Guerilla Warfare
When ordinary peasants hid and ambushed the French army; they attacked then fled; they had the support of the British
Milita
Group of citizens trained to fight in an emergency (colonist)
Ratify
To give official approval
Militarism
Glorification of the military.
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
heir to the throne of Austria Hungary; assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a bosnian serb.; sparked WWI
Central Powers
Name for Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey in World War I
trench warfare
Battles of World War I
Stalemate
A deadlock in which neither side is able to defeat the other.
U-Boats
German submarines.
Allied Powers
The US, UK, France and Soviet Union(at the end) who fought together during World War II.
Gavrillo Princip
The member of the Black Hand who assassinated the Archduke Ferdinand and his wife, the spark that started WWI
new weapons of WWI
tanks, airplanes, poison gas, machine guns
no-man's-land
Ground between the two opposing trenches
neutral
unbiased, not favoring either side in a conflict
alliances
An agreement between nations to aid and protect each other.
Sun Yat-sen'd Three Principles of the People
a political philosophy to make China a free, prosperous, and powerful nation. The three principles are often translated into and summarized as nationalism, democracy, and the livelihood of the people.
Imperialism
The take over of a country or territory by a stronger nation with the intent of dominating the political, economic, and social life of the people
Level 182