Level 181
Level 182

Spanish American War to World War I


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Imperialism
The take over of a country or territory by a stronger nation with the intent of dominating the political, economic, and social life of the people
Yellow Journalism
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers.
Militarism
Glorification of the military.
Central Powers
Name for Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey in World War I
Allies
ally=friend Allies= US, UK, France, and Soviet Union
Stalemate
A deadlock in which neither side is able to defeat the other.
Selective Service Act
Law passed by Congress in 1917 that required all men from ages 21 to 30 to register for the military draft
American Expeditionary Force
About 2 million Americans went to France as members of this under General John J. Pershing. Included the regular army, the National Guard, and the new larger force of volunteers and draftees and they served as individuals
Armistice
An agreement to end fighting.
League of Nations
Created by Wilson. Essentially a world government. There's an assembly, council, an international court of justice and a secretariat (leader). The USA is the first country to turn it down. Created a notion of international cooperation.
Isolationism
US policy during WWI along with neutrality
Teddy Roosevelt
(1858-1919) Twenty-sixth president of the United States; he focused his efforts on trust busting, environment conservation, and strong foreign policy.
William McKinley
-US President (1897-1901)
Treaty of Paris
Treaty signed in 1783, which provided for the following: (1) Britain would recognize the existence of the United States as an independent nation. (2) The Mississippi River would be the western boundary of that nat…
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty ending World War I
Roosevelt's Corollary
T.R. 1914 extention of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the U.S. has the right to protect its economic interests in South and Central America by using military force
Woodrow Wilson
28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, created Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, progressive income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage (reluctantly), Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 po…
trench warfare
Battles of World War I
No Man's land
A strip of land beween the trenches of opposing armies along the Western Front during WW1
Convoy System
Protection of merchant ships from U-boat attacks by having ships travel in large groups escorted by warships.
Propaganda
The spreading of ideas to support the war effort or damage the opposing cause.
Espionage and Sedition Act
Two laws, enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against US partcipation in WWI
Reparations
Payments for war damage.
Nineteenth Amendment
1920 amendment that officially extended the right to vote to women.
Fourteen Points
The list of Wilson's demands for Germany.
Monroe Doctrine
1823 - Written by President Monroe's Secretary of State John Adams. Declared that Europe should not interfere in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere and that any attempt at interference by a European power w…
Splendid Little War
Spanish American War as described by Senator John Hay; war lasted only four months and resulted in fewer than 400 American combat deaths.
American Expansionism
The belief that the US should influence greatly or "take over" without necessarily colonizing, smaller countries in an effort to promote U.S. economic growth, protect American security of US firms located abroad, and preser…
Social Darwinism
The application of ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as a justification for their imperialist expansion.
Anti-Imperialist League
Included somewhat strange bedfellows -- including: a) writers and reformers who believed American energies and financial resources should be directed to home; b) businessmen fearful of maintaining overseas outposts; and racists who did not …
U.S.S. Maine
U.S. Battleship that exploded in Havana Harbor in 1898; Evidence suggests an internal explosion, however Spanish military was framed by Yellow Journalism; The incident was a catalyst for the Spanish American War; "Remember the U.…
Level 183