Level 182
Level 183

Coming of World War I


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atomic bomb
A BIG bomb that can destroy cities.
fascism
A form of government in which individual freedoms are denied and complete power is given to the government.
WW II
A war fought between 1939-1945 between the Axis and Allied powers.
Battle of Stalingrad
Unsuccessful German attack on the city of Stalingrad during World War II from 1942 to 1943, that was the furthest extent of German advance into the Soviet Union.
Lend-Lease Act
Allowed America to sell, lend, or lease arms or other war supplies to any nation considered "vital to the defense of the U.S."
rationing
Restricting the amount of food and goods people may buy.
D-day
The largest invasion force in history led by Eisenhower.
V-E day
Victory in Europe Day celebrated the official defeat of the Nazis and end of WWII in Europe on May 8th, 1945.
V-J Day
Victory over Japan Day was the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945
Axis Powers
Japan, Italy, and Germany in World War II.
Allies
ally=friend Allies= US, UK, France, and Soviet Union
Joseph Stalin
He tried to crush all opposition and ruled as the absolute dictator of the U.S.S.R. until his death.
Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Germany
Rosie the Riveter
Advertising campaign character during WWII to encourage women to take factory jobs
Arsenal
A military structure where arms and ammunition and other military equipment are stored and training is given in the use of arms.
Dwight Eisenhower
Supreme Commander of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II leader of troops in Africa and commander in D-Day invasion. President in the 1950s
Why did Great Britain and France declare war on Germany?
Germany invaded Poland. (Britain and France had sworn to defend Poland. Honoring these obligations, they sent ultimatums to Hitler demanding his withdrawal from Poland. Hitler declined to respond. On September 3, Prime Minister Chamberlain …
Totalitarianism
A political system in which the government has total control over the lives of individual citizens including economic, social and cultural aspects
Anschluss
1938, Germany absorbs Austria through this policy
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Italy
Blitzkrieg
Lighting war -- a typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces to take control of Poland and other European countries in 1939.
Winston Churchill
Famous for his reckless courage in war. In order to repair the British navy he (and Lloyd George) raise many taxes (or at least help make it happen), to effect conservatives, he's never ever …
Neutrality Act of 1939
Also known as "Cash or Carry". It was not very neutral. It permitted the warring powers to purchase war materials from the US if they paid cash and they carried the goods on their…
Atlantic Charter
1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British PM Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WW II and to work for peace after the war
Pearl Harbor
military base settled by US in Hawaii
WAC
U.S. army group established during WWII so that women could serve in non-combat roles. (Women's Army Corp)
Douglas MacArthur
General who commanded the US forces in Asia during WW II
Bataan Death March
Sick and malnourished American soldiers were forced to march 55 miles, put on a train that took them inland and forced to march 8 more miles to prison camps. Their Japanese captors showed no m…
Battle of Coral Sea
A battle between Japanese and American aircraft carriers that stopped the Japanese advance on Australia
Suspicious
During WW II, Americans were _______ of Germans and Japanese people
What do the pieces of wood in the fire represent?
Issues America struggled with after WW I including social, economic and political problems
Spanish Civil War
In 1936 a rebellion erupted in Spain. Fascist Gen. Francisco Franco led a rebellion against the Spanish gov't. The revolt became a civil war & increased tensions that led to WW II. The Soviet U…
Appeasement
Giving in to prevent war.
Munich Pact
Agreement in which Britain and France tried to appease Hitler by giving him the Sudetenland, part of Czechoslovakia, in order to avoid war.
Tripartite Pact
1940 alliance between Japan, Germany, and Italy established by a 3 party agreement
Battle of the Bulge
December, 1944-January, 1945 - After recapturing France, the Allied advance stalled along the German border. In the winter of 1944, Germany staged a massive counterattack in Belgium and Luxembourg which pushed a 30 mile "bu…
Isolationists
People who wanted the United States to stay out of world affairs & opposed the League of Nations
Isolationist
These men most likely were of what political persuasion?
Nazi
Problems caused by the Great Depression made German people more likely to believe promises made by this political party
Took control of China's resources
To recover from the Great Depression, Japan did this
More aggressive
Many believed that America's policy of appeasement led Hitler to act this way
Neutrality Act
Focused on putting the United States as far away from war as possible by limiting the navigation of American ships during a time of foreign war as well as only providing munitions on a '…
Interventionists
Believed the United States should intervene in the war on the side of the Allies while staying out of it
To stop Japan from expanding its empire
Reason FDR placed an embargo on naval and aviation supplies in 1940
Office of War Mobilization
Federal agency formed to coordinate issues related to war production during WWII
Difference between totalitarianism and fascism
The former is a type of government; the latter is a political position
Anti-semetic
Prejudice and discrimination against Jewish People
Embargo
A government ban on trade with other countries.
Auxiliary
Giving assistance or support
Repressive
Controlling people by force and restricting their freedom (as in repressive government)
Peninsula
A piece of land that is surrounded by water on three sides.
Infer
A conclusion one can draw from the presented details.
Level 184