Level 198
Level 199

World Between the Wars


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cubism
Style that used basic geometric shapes, such as cubes
Dominions
Canada, Australia, and New Zealand
Red Scare
describe the panic of communism coming to US; many communist were arrested; there were 70000 members in
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Italy
fascism
A form of government in which individual freedoms are denied and complete power is given to the government.
syndicalism
an economic and political system that was based on the organization of labor. It was imported in latin america from european political movements.
Mexican revolution
influenced by world war I. resulted in the ouster of Porfirio Diaz from power.
Porfirio Diaz
-President/Dictator for a long, long time in Mexico
Francisco Madero
A reformer in Mexico; proposed reforms in 1910; was arrested by Porfirio Diaz; initiated revolution from Porfirio Diaz when he got out of prison.
Pancho Villa
other leader of Mexican Rebellion Wilson thinks of giving support to after being Angered by Carranza
Emiliano Zapata
revolutionary and military commander of the peasant guerilla movement ; succeeded with Pancho Villa in removing Diaz from power.
Victoriano Huerta
-(1913) assassinated Fransisco Madero and took over as the dictator of Mexico
Obregon Alvaro
Leader of mexican government
Mexican Constitution of 1917
promised land reform, limited the foreign ownership of key resources , and guaranteed the rights of workers.
Diego Rivera
Mexican artist; famous for murals mixed with romantic images of the indian past with christian symbols of Marxist ideology.
Jose Clemente Orozco
mexican muralist that followed rivera's idea
Cristeros
conservative peasant movement in mexico during the 1920s; movement resulted in armed violence
Alexander Kerensky
After the February Revolution Kerensky served as Minister of Justice in the democratic Russian Provisional Government. In May he became Minister of War. In July he became the second Prime Minister until it was overth…
Vladimir Lenin
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)
Red Army
The army of the Soviet Union.
New Economic Policy
A limited revival of capitalism, especially in light industry and agriculture, introduced by Lenin in 1921 to repair the damage inflicted on the Russian economy by the Civil War and War Communism.
Union of soviet socialists republic
federal system that was controlled by the communist party
supreme soviet
controlled by the communist party; the parliament of the USSR.
Joseph Stalin
He tried to crush all opposition and ruled as the absolute dictator of the U.S.S.R. until his death.
Comintern
Founded by Lenin in 1919, They were hoping for a worldwide communist revolution and looked specifically at China. They trained Chinese to bring communist ideas back home with them and preach it. Including Chang-Kai-Shek,…
collectivation
creation of large state run farms rather than individual holdings
Yuan Shikai
warlord in northern China after the fall of the Qing dynasty
May Fourth Movement
Students against foreign domination and warlord gov't in Beijing.
Li Dazhao
chinese intellectual who gave attention to marxist philosophy
Mao Zedong
a Chinese Communist revolutionary and the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he governed as Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949
Guomindang
Nationalist Party
Jiang Jieshi
Leader of the Nationalist Party after Sun Yat-sen
Long March
The 6,000-mile (9,600-kilometer) flight of Chinese Communists from southeastern to northwestern China. The Communists, led by Mao Zedong, were pursued by the Chinese army under orders from Chiang Kai-shek. (789)
Amritsar Massacre
The Amritsar Massacre occurred in 1919. British soldiers fired upon a group of nonviolent, Indian protestors killing men, women and children in the crowd. Amritsar marked a turning point in the Indian independence movement.
Mohandas Gandhi
A philosopher from India, this man was a spiritual and moral leader favoring India's independence from Great Britain. He practiced passive resistance, civil disobedience and boycotts to generate social and political change.
Kemal Ataturk
he led the Turkish national movement in the Turkish War of Independence. Having established a provisional government in Ankara, he defeated the forces sent by the Allies. His military campaigns led to victory in…
credit
An arrangement to receive cash, goods, or services now and pay for them in the future.
Black Tuesday
day the stock market crashed, signaling the start of the Great Depression
Great Depression
The economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
(1882 - 1945) Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the 32nd president of the United States, and the only president to serve more than two terms; from 1933 to 1945. Roosevelt engineered the New Deal, which…
New Deal
A government program that created large amounts of jobs aimed at ending the Great Depression.
John Maynard Keynes
In the 1930s, Keynes spearheaded a revolution in economic thinking, overturning the older ideas of neoclassical economics that held that free markets would, in the short to medium term, automatically provide full employment, as …
Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act
legislation passed in 1930 that established very high tariffs. Its objective was to reduce imports and stimulate the domestic economy, but it resulted only in retaliatory tariffs by other nations
Manchurian Incident
Situation in 1931 when Japanese troops, claiming that Chinese soldiers had tried to blow up a railway line, captured several southern Manchurian cities, and continued to take over the country even after Chinese troops had withdrawn.
Manchukuo
The New Machuria. A Japanese independent state. Had a strong self-sufficient economy.
Anti-Comintern Pact
In 1936 Japan signed this with Germany and it was later ratified by Italy. It was in opposition to Communism but actually proved to be the foundation for diplomatic alliance between these three powers. …
Nanjing Massacre
Often to referred to as "The Rape of Nanking," this was a war crime committed by the Japanese miltary in and around the then Chinese capital of Nanjing after it fell to the Imperial Japa…
Totalitarianism
A political system in which the government has total control over the lives of individual citizens including economic, social and cultural aspects
Gulag
A Soviet prison colony, where political and criminal prisoners were sent. Famed for their brutality & cruelty.
Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Germany
Nazi Party
German political party joined by Adolf Hitler, emphasizing nationalism, racism, and war. When Hitler became chancellor of Germany in 1933, the Nazi Party became the only legal party and an instrument of Hitler's absolute rule.
Anti-semitism
Prejudice against Jews
Nuremberg Laws
Placed severe restrictions of Jews, prohibited from marrying non- Jews, attending schools or universities, holding government jobs, practicing law or medicine or publishing books.
Kristallnacht
Night of the Broken Glass --German mobs and the state police throughout destroyed Jewish property, burned synagogues, and terrorized Jews on November 9, 1938.
Jiang Jieshi (aka Chiang Kai-Shek)
Chinese general and politician; he succeeded Sun Yixian as leader of the Nationalist Party in China and led attacks against Communists in China in the 1920s
Kemal Atatu¨rk (aka Kemal Mustafa)
Turkish leader and founder of modern Turkey; he sought to transform Turkey into a modern, secular state with separation between religion (Islam) and government.
Subsequent
Coming after or later
Level 200