Level 208
Level 209

Start of the War


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Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Germany
Bentio Mussolini
Promoted Fascism, and extreme form of nationalism, and rose to power due to the depression. He promoted returning Italy to its once powerful state, and wanted to do so by invading Ethiopia.
Joseph Stalin
He tried to crush all opposition and ruled as the absolute dictator of the U.S.S.R. until his death.
Francisco Franco
Spanish General; organized the revolt in Morocco, which led to the Spanish Civil War. Leader of the Nationalists - right wing, supported by Hitler and Mussolini, won the Civil War after three years of fighting.
Japanese militarists
Tojo, being of military background, promoted the migration of the Japanese back to their old culture, the Samurai. He promoted the Code of Bushido, which established loyalty and the promotion of Japan. This code convi…
Neville Chamberlain
PM of Great Britain before World War II.
Winston Churchill
Famous for his reckless courage in war. In order to repair the British navy he (and Lloyd George) raise many taxes (or at least help make it happen), to effect conservatives, he's never ever …
Oskar Schindler
German factory owner who built factories with all Jewish workers, had a change of heart and said that they could not be taken away because he needed them for work and thus saved 1,000 Jewish lives.
The Battle Of Britain
Later in the summer of 1940, Germany launched a further attack on Britain, this time exclusively from the air. The Battle of Britain was Germany's first military failure, as the German air force, the Luftwa…
Hirohito
Emperor of Japan during and after World War II.
Tojo
Prime Minister and military leader of Japan during WWII
Nazi genocide
Killed people who were "racially inferior", including Jews, Slavs, Gypsies, mentally ill, and homosexuals. Also called his "Final Solution", he was responsible for the death of 11 million people.
Policy of appeasement
Giving up principles to pacify an aggressor. Great Britain and France gave Hitler the Sudetenland in hope that he would stop his pursuit, they thought they ended him. Churchill called them fools, they did not stop him at all.
Axis and Allies Powers
Axis: Germany, Italy, Japan
Where did WWII start?
Poland, when Germany invaded.
Non-Aggression Act
Pact between Germany (Hitler) and USSR (Stalin). The pact says that they would split the land won during the war, but Hitler always planned on attacking Stalin once he was stronger.
Major Countries that the Nazi Controlled
He began by forcing Austria to join Germany as one country as well as invade the Rhineland, then he annexed the Sudetenland districts of Czechoslovakia in 1938. After this, he invaded Czechoslovakia and Polan…
German U-Boats
Blocked ships from receiving arms from US, we switched to a "shoot on sight" policy, where we would attack any German U-Boat we find.
Blitzkrieg
Lighting war -- a typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces to take control of Poland and other European countries in 1939.
Lend-Lease Program
Act of 1941 that permitted the US to led or lease arms and other supplies to the Allies. This evolved out of the "cash and carry" policy, and showed that the U.S. was read…
Kristallnacht
Night of the Broken Glass --German mobs and the state police throughout destroyed Jewish property, burned synagogues, and terrorized Jews on November 9, 1938.
Final solution
Hitler's program of systematically killing the entire Jewish community in German held territories
Atlantic Charter
1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British PM Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WW II and to work for peace after the war
Phony war
Name for the time between fall of 1939 and April of 1940 when general mobilization for the war began, but few if any battles were being fought. Some referred to it as the "sitzkrieg."
Stalemate
A deadlock in which neither side is able to defeat the other.
No Man's land
A strip of land beween the trenches of opposing armies along the Western Front during WW1
industrial revolution
It involved , the replacement of human labor by machines and the urbanization of workers to handle the new machinery and work in assembly lines rather than as farmers
trenches
soldiers dug these to protect themselves from machine gun fire; could go hundreds of miles; were often cold, muddy, rat infested and gave no protection from poison gas
Trench Foot
Infection caused by wet, cold, and unsanitary conditions.
Two Front War
when Germany had to fight two different directions from the East and the West
Level 210