Level 209
Level 210

World War II

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Nazi-Soviet Pact
Agreement between Hitler and Stalin that ensured that neither would take military action against the other.
Phony war
Name for the time between fall of 1939 and April of 1940 when general mobilization for the war began, but few if any battles were being fought. Some referred to it as the "sitzkrieg."
Maginot Line
French line of fortifications on the eastern French border.
Siegfried Line
German line of fortifications in the Rhineland.
Sweeden gets _______ as proviso. of Vienna
Location at which the French had to be evacuated by the British. Over 330,000 soldiers were rescued in the "miracle of the little ships."
epicenter of the enlightenment
Mimicked the western powers in imperialism; seized Korea during the Russo-Japanese War (1910)
Battle of Britain
An aerial battle fought in WW II in 1940 between the German Luftwaffe (Air Force) and the British Royal Air Force. The Germans carried out extensive bombing raids against Britain, which offered successful resistance.
Germany's ally - the aim of Gallipoli was to knock this country out of the war.
Soviet Union
country in control of East Germany during the Cold War
Atlantic Charter
1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British PM Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WW II and to work for peace after the war
Pearl Harbor
military base settled by US in Hawaii
When FDR asked the U.S. Congress for a declaration of war on December 8, 1941 - he referred to December 7, 1941 as a "date which shall live in. . . . "
Battle of Coral Sea
A battle between Japanese and American aircraft carriers that stopped the Japanese advance on Australia
Battle of Midway
U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in the Pacific theater of World War II.
Battle of Guadalacanal
Major Allied victory in the Pacific that continued the Allied campaign against Japan. Some historians suggest that this victory is a more accurate turning point.
Battle of Stalingrad
Operation Barbarossa. The turning point in the European theater of the war and was the bloodiest battle in all of human history.
El Alamein
Battle that marked the defeat of Axis expansion in North Africa.
Austria took an army into _______.
Operation Overlord
June 6, 1944 - Allied amphibious attack against Axis-held France. Thousands of Allied soldiers landed on the beaches of Normandy.
Leyte Gulf
U.S. army landed in this area of the Philippines and led a crushing defeat against the Japanese.
Baltic States
Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
Battle of the Bulge
December, 1944-January, 1945 - After recapturing France, the Allied advance stalled along the German border. In the winter of 1944, Germany staged a massive counterattack in Belgium and Luxembourg which pushed a 30 mile "bu…
Iwo Jima
American Marines landed on this island and captured it after a month of the most bitter fighting of the war.
Big Three
FDR, Churchill, and Stalin
The fighting on this islands was even more intense than on Iwo Jima. 263 Allied ships were sunk or damaged, but ultimately it was taken as an Allied victory.
V-E day
Victory in Europe Day celebrated the official defeat of the Nazis and end of WWII in Europe on May 8th, 1945.
a Russian council composed of representatives from the workers and soldiers.
July 26, 1945 - Allied leaders Truman, Stalin and Churchill met in Germany to set up zones of control and to inform the Japanese that if they refused to surrender at once, they would face total destruction.
A city in Japan that the US dropped an atomic bomb on at the end of World War II.
August 9, 1945 the United States dropped a second bomb on this city.
V-J Day
Victory over Japan Day was the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945
This US ship bombed at Pearl Harbor marks the site of the Pearl Harbor Memorial.
The Japanese surrender documents were signed on board of this U.S. ship.
Munich Conference
Meeting held in 1938 where Hitler stated that the Sudetenland would be his "last territorial demand."
is the German name (and former official appellation) of Gdańsk, a city in northern Poland.
The Battle of Britain, lasting from July through October of 1940, proved to be a great test for the British. This innovation of World War II helped the British to evade disaster.
Desert Fox
The nickname of the German General, Erwin Rommel.
Which future US President was the Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in Europe during World War II?
now president, Roosevelt died
Giving in to prevent war.
French "government" that remained independent, but only because they were cooperating with the Nazis
A form of government in which individual freedoms are denied and complete power is given to the government.
Single party, dictator, cult of the leader, ideology, a system of terror, control over media and culture, control over daily life, Centralised control of economy. What do these terms define Hitler's regime as?
unbiased, not favoring either side in a conflict
June 6, 1944, the day that the Allied invasion of German-occupied France began
the mass slaughter of European Jews in Nazi camps during WWII
war crimes
violation of internationally accepted practices related to waging war
government certificate that pays interest; selling bonds is a way for the government to raise money temporarily for some public purpose
a sustained increase in the price of goods and services over a period of time (think of an inflated balloon full of air)
World War ll
1939-1945, ended when an american bomber dropped 2 atomic bombs on Japan
Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Germany
Emperor Hirohito
emperor of Japan during WWII. his people viewed him as a god
War in the Atlantic
German submarines send many Allied ships/men/supplies to the bottom of the ocean American Navy & Allies invented SONAR so that US bombers could locate and destroy Germans subs
War in the Pacific
America went to war with Japan in the pacific.
D Day
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
Joeseph Stalin
Leader of Russia during WWII
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Italy
V.E. Day
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
Nazi Party
German political party joined by Adolf Hitler, emphasizing nationalism, racism, and war. When Hitler became chancellor of Germany in 1933, the Nazi Party became the only legal party and an instrument of Hitler's absolute rule.
Winston Churchill
Famous for his reckless courage in war. In order to repair the British navy he (and Lloyd George) raise many taxes (or at least help make it happen), to effect conservatives, he's never ever …
Douglas MacArthur
General who commanded the US forces in Asia during WW II
Rosie the Riverter
symbol for american women working in the war industry
the years WWII was fought
Neutrality Acts
declared that the US would not get involved in foreign affairs; isolationist
Allied Powers
The US, UK, France and Soviet Union(at the end) who fought together during World War II.
Rosie the Rivetor
famous propaganda used to encourage women to work in the factories while the men were at war
victory gardens
people planted gardens at home so that the men at war could receive the produce produced on the farms
Liberty Bonds
Fundraiser by the US in order to pay for WWI
second generation Japanese who were sent to internment (relocation) camps after the bombing of Pearl Harbor
internment (relocation) camps
designated areas where Japanese Americans were sent after the attack at Pearl Harbor; fear that they may be spies caused this to happen
Nisei 442nd
most decorated unit from WWII
Navajo Code Talkers
sent messages in their native language in the Pacific front
D-Day Invasion
invasion led Dwight D. Eisenhower, started in Normandy, on june 6th 1944, was a success, turing point of WWII, first time allied forces successfully set foot in europe
Bataan Death March
Sick and malnourished American soldiers were forced to march 55 miles, put on a train that took them inland and forced to march 8 more miles to prison camps. Their Japanese captors showed no m…
attempting to eliminate an entire group of people
Mein Kampf
Hitlers book that he wrote in prison in which he lays out his plan to take control of Germany, no one took it seriously when in retrospect they really should have.
Battle of Midway Island
a turning point battle for the US in the Pacific
VE Day
May 9 1945
VJ Day
Sept 2 1945
A leader who has complete control of a country and who kills anyone who disagrees with him.
totalitarian state
country where a single party controls the government and every aspect of the lives of the people
Sun Yat-sen'd Three Principles of the People
a political philosophy to make China a free, prosperous, and powerful nation. The three principles are often translated into and summarized as nationalism, democracy, and the livelihood of the people.
Josef Stalin
communist dictator of the Soviet Union (Russia)
Lighting war -- a typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces to take control of Poland and other European countries in 1939.
a limit on certain items during wartime such as sugar and gasoline in order to preserve these items for the troops
Potsdam Declaration
warned Japan of "utter destruction" if they did not surrender
German Aggression
The war in Europe began in September 1939, when Germany, under Chancellor Adolf Hitler, invaded Poland. Britain and France responded by declaring war on Germany but took little action over the following months. In 1…
The Battle Of Britain
Later in the summer of 1940, Germany launched a further attack on Britain, this time exclusively from the air. The Battle of Britain was Germany's first military failure, as the German air force, the Luftwa…
Greece And North Africa
As Hitler plotted his next steps, Italy, an ally of Germany, expanded the war even further by invading Greece and North Africa. The Greek campaign was a failure, and Germany was forced to com…
The Soviet Union
Later in 1941, Germany began its most ambitious action yet, by invading the Soviet Union. Although the Germans initially made swift progress and advanced deep into the Russian heartland, the invasion of the USSR w…
The Normandy Invasion
In June 1944, British and American forces launched the D-Day invasion, landing in German-occupied France via the coast of Normandy. Soon the German army was forced into retreat from that side as well. Thus…
The Pacific Theater / The U.S. Entrance And Battle Of Midway
Although the Pearl Harbor attack provoked a declaration of war by the United States on Japan the very next day, it would be several months before U.S. forces would get seriously involved militarily. In …
The Solomon Islands And Guadalcanal
For the next year, the United States engaged Japan in a protracted struggle for the Solomon Islands, which lay near vital Allied shipping routes. Between August 1942 and February 1943, Allied forces carried ou…
The Approach To Japan
Fighting continued throughout the Pacific in 1944 and early 1945, including major battles at Leyte, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa. By the late spring of 1945, most of Japan's conquests had been liberated, and Allied fo…
Neville Chamberlain
PM of Great Britain before World War II.
James Doolittle
A U.S. Army general best known for leading the famous "Doolittle Raid" in 1942, in which B-25 bombers were launched from an aircraft carrier to bomb Japan and then crash-landed in China.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
..., (1953-1957) and (1957-1961), when elected President, he was the most popular American; "I like Ike!" button. Modern Republicanism---didn't undo the New Deal of the Democrats. Called "The Republican's Choice" . He was the comma…
Level 211