Level 210
Level 211

World War II - Part II


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Hirohito
Emperor of Japan during and after World War II.
Yamamoto Isoroku
The Japanese navy admiral who planned the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 and the attack on Midway in 1942.
Curtis LeMay
The commander of the U.S. Air Force's 21st Bomber Command in the Pacific theater during World War II. LeMay is best known for developing the U.S. strategy of using massive incendiary bomb attacks on Japa…
Friedrich Paulus
A field marshal in command of the German Sixth Army at the Battle of Stalingrad. Paulus surrendered what was left of the German forces in February 1943, despite Chancellor Adolf Hitler's express orders no…
Erwin Rommel
A field marshal in the German army's Afrika Korps who specialized in tank warfare. Rommel came to be known by both friends and enemies as the "Desert Fox" for his brilliant strategies and surprise att…
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
(1882 - 1945) Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the 32nd president of the United States, and the only president to serve more than two terms; from 1933 to 1945. Roosevelt engineered the New Deal, which…
Joseph Stalin
He tried to crush all opposition and ruled as the absolute dictator of the U.S.S.R. until his death.
Harry S Truman
Roosevelt's third vice-president.
Anschluss
1938, Germany absorbs Austria through this policy
Axis Powers
Japan, Italy, and Germany in World War II.
Battle Of The Coral Sea
A battle from May 4-8, 1942, in which U.S. naval forces successfully protected the Allied base at Port Moresby, New Guinea, the last Allied outpost standing between the Japanese onslaught and Australia. The battle, w…
Battle Of El-Alamein
An October and November 1942 battle that was the climax of the North African campaign. A resounding victory by the British over the Germans, the battle paved the way for the Allied takeover of N…
Battle Of Guadalcanal
A campaign from August 1942 to February 1943 in which U.S. Marines fought brutal battles to expel Japanese forces from the Solomon Islands, a strategically important island chain in the South Pacific near Australia.
Battle Of Iwo Jima
A battle in February and March 1945 in which U.S. forces took Iwo Jima, a small but strategically important island off the Japanese coast. During the battle, an Associated Press photographer took a world-famous photog…
Battle Of Okinawa
The last large-scale battle in the Pacific theater, in which U.S. forces invaded the Japanese home island of Okinawa. The battle was very bloody, killing at least 100,000 Japanese soldiers and 80,000 to 100,000 Japanese civilians.
Battle of Stalingrad
Unsuccessful German attack on the city of Stalingrad during World War II from 1942 to 1943, that was the furthest extent of German advance into the Soviet Union.
Gestapo
The state secret police
Lebensraum
was an important component of Nazi ideology in Germany. The Nazis supported territorial expansionism to gain Lebensraum as being a law of nature for all healthy and vigorous peoples of superior races to displace pe…
Luftwaffe
German Air Force
Munich Agreement
A September 30, 1938, agreement among Germany, Britain, Italy, and France that allowed Germany to annex the region of western Czechoslovakia called the Sudetenland. The Munich Agreement was the most famous example of British p…
Operation Barbarossa
The code name for the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, which Hitler predicted would take only six months but ended up miring the German armies for more than two years.
Operation Overload
The code name for the Allied invasion of France in 1944, which commenced on the beaches of Normandy and ultimately was successful in liberating France and pushing German forces back east to their own territory.
Schutzstaffel
In German, Schutzstaffel ("protection detachment"), the elite German paramilitary unit. Originally formed as a unit to serve as Hitler's personal bodyguards, the S.S. grew and took on the duties of an elite military formation. Du…
Wannsee Conference
A January 1942 conference during which Nazi officials decided to implement the "final solution" to the "Jewish question"—a euphemism for the extermination of European Jews and other minorities at concentration camps in eastern Europe.
Wehrmacht
The term used for regular German army.
1914
the year that WWI started
1915
Columbus, NM
1917
Women formed 10% of Party membership and in 1928 they made up 12.8%
1918
Wilhelm abdicated in what year?
1919
A prominent political leader and women's activist Alexandra Kollontai, established the women's department within the Communist Party to encourage female involvement however, the vision of transforming women's role in society was not met and…
1925
When was the Hitler youth set up?
1920-1929
Roaring 20s
1927
Stalin proposes 5 year plan + collectivization
1929
14% of students entering higher technical education had to be woman
1932
Lausanne Conference/revisions on reparations
1933
What year were Women dismissed from civil service and teaching jobs?
1935
The Great Retreat
1937
Unemployment goes back up when Roosevelt cuts PWA and WPA and slows gout spending
WWII In Europe
1939 - 1945
1940
Trotsky assassinated (AUG) in Mexico
1941
Pearl Harbor
1942
Japanese Internment
1945
When did the Japan-China conflict end?
Attack of Pearl Harbor
-Dec. 7, 1941 by the Japanese
Germany
Country with the largest state-supported theater system
the "Final Solution"
Germany's plan put into place in 1942 exterminate all European Jews during WW2 resulting in the Holocaust
Tarawa Atoll
Island were the United States had their first under fire amphibious landing.
Philippine Islands
US territory attacked by Japanese after Pearl Harbor
Douglas McArthur
Commander in chief of US forces in the Pacific Theater of operations, left the Philippines, at night and in secret to avoid the Japanese, vowing "I shall return". Did return to recapture the Philippine islands in 1944.
Pacific Theater
The part of World War II conducted against Japan in the Pacific Ocean and eastern Asia. The Pacific theater had 3 major operations. One of which was the island-hopping campaign from the Guadalcanal to…
Enola Gay
the name of the American B-29 bomber, piloted by Col. Paul Tibbets, Jr., that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, on Aug. 6, 1945.
kamikazes
in World War II, Japanese pilots who loaded their aircraft with bombs and crashed them into enemy ships
Island-hopping
WWII strategy of conquering only certain Pacific islands that were important to the Allied advance toward Japan
France & Belgium
First 2 western european countries invaded by Germany in 1939.
Concentration Camps
prison camps established by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party for Jews and other political prisoners during the war.
Auschwitz
Nazi extermination camp in Poland, the largest center of mass murder during the Holocaust. Close to a million Jews, Gypsies, Communists, and others were killed there, 1940-1945, designed by Heinrich Himmler for the "Final Solution" of the Jews.
Omaha Beach
One of the 5 beaches that the Allied troops captured on D-Day. This American landing was between the other American beach, Utah, and the British at Gold beach. This was one of the most hea…
USS Arizona
American battle ship sunk at Pearl Harbor; over 1000 crew members died; floating memorial
Josef Mengele
Known as the Angel of Death, was a Nazi German SS officer and a physician in Auschwitz Nazi concentration camp. He performed pseudo-scientific experiments particularly on Gypsies and twins.
Ghettos
A confined area of a city in which Jews could be controlled and segregated from general population until they were sent to concentration camps.
Sobibor
This camp in eastern Poland was one of the largest extermination camps run by the Nazis. Operating for only just over a year, about 900,000 were murdered, most of them Jews. The camp was destr…
Heinrich Himmler
was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel (SS), a military commander, and a leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Nazi Germany. Nazi leader Adolf Hitler later appointed him Commander of the Replacement (Home) Army…
Oskar Schindler
German factory owner who built factories with all Jewish workers, had a change of heart and said that they could not be taken away because he needed them for work and thus saved 1,000 Jewish lives.
How is Fascism different than communism?
Fascism emphasizes the importance of a nation or an ethnic group while communism does not respect individual rights or freedoms (568). -Colin
How is Fascism similar to communism?
one party/person is in charge, citizens have limited rights
Nazism
principles or methods of Nazis
Der Fuhrer
Adolf Hitler -Max
Reichstag
legislative body of Germany
Why did so many people die during Stalin's rule as dictator?
Stalin took away food from resisting farmings and his secret police arrested more than 7 million, and either executed them or put them in labor camps.- Lowell.
How did leaders of totalitarian states feel about using force against people and nations they considered their enemies?
The totalitarian leaders did not care about using force against their enemies or the people who do not support them - Sam
Panzer
A German word that means tank (wikipedia) Emily
Non-Aggression Pact
Pact between Germany and the Soviet Union that eliminated the danger of Germany being attacked by Russia from the East (it was a sham)-Brian
Allies
ally=friend Allies= US, UK, France, and Soviet Union
What were some of the main causes of Japan's growing military power?
Japan joined the Allies. They conquered several German in the Pacific and they won access to abandoned by Europeans. They started a post-war two-party parliamentary system and had a sharp increase in people allowed to vote.-Mitchell pg.581
Isolationism
US policy during WWI along with neutrality
America First Committee
group formed in 1940 by isolationists to block further aid to Britain -Leah
Lend-Lease Act
Allowed America to sell, lend, or lease arms or other war supplies to any nation considered "vital to the defense of the U.S."
Strafed
To attack by airplanes with machine gun fire- Ben (Dictionary)
What was required by the Neutrality Acts? Did they succeed in keeping the US neutral? Why or Why not?
acts that banned the United States from providing weapons to nations at war, banned loans, and permitted trade if the nations paid with cash and transported the cargo themselves; yes, the US did not fight-Hayden
Why did FDR ask Congress to pass the Lend-Lease Act?
To make sure supplies was flowing smoothly to Britan. they could keep going at Germany. -Claire
Japan was limited to what it could buy from America. Daniel
Describe relations between Japan and the United States before the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Selective Training and Service Act
passed in 1917, authorizing a draft of young men for military services.~Sydney
Office of War Mobilization
Federal agency formed to coordinate issues related to war production during WWII
Liberty Ship
A type of large study merchant ship built in World War I (p596) kayla
Victory Garden
A home vegetable garden created to boost food production during WWI-Landon (p.599)
GIs
GI stands for government issue, they were men and women sent far away to fight for their country.-Lucas (page 595)
How did the government pay for the war effort?
wil, high income taxes, borrowing from banks, private investors and War Bonds also earned 186 billion
Carpet bombing
a technique developed by the RAF in which planes scattered large numbers of bombs over a wide area Cates (pg. 605)
Bernard Montgomery
British General that led Britain to victory in at El Alamein -Joseph (p.602)
Casablanca Conference
Where Churchill and Roosevelt mapped out their plan for the rest of the war. Conference in Morocco. (p.602)- Shaylan
George S. Patton
US Seventh army general who lead a successful sweep breaking German defenses. Lindsay
George Marshall
United States general and statesman who as Secretary of State organized the European Recovery Program (1880-1959)
The Battle of the Bulge
World War 2 battle in which German forces launched a final counterattack in the west. Connor
Level 212